Summary Dandruff is a common problem, but not always a purely cosmetic. If the scaly scalp additionally inflamed and reddened, must be considered in a seborrheic dermatitis, a disease whose treatment belongs in the hands of a dermatologist. Seborrheic dermatitis often affects infants in the first three months of life, the symptoms of mild dandruff (gneiss) to severe generalized gradients (Erythrodermia desquamative Leiner) ranges. Besides infants especially young men are affected. Clinically show typical sharply demarcated, symmetrical, yellowish-red lesions with greasy scales. Affected are almost always the head, but in contrast to the normal dandruff other sebaceous glands rich areas of the body such as the face center, the front and rear sweat gutter. The disease is locally with antifungal agents treated (antifungals) in shampoo or cream form, in severe cases, a temporary use of glucocorticoids may be useful. In addition to local therapy, sun and fresh air have a favorable effect. While the disorder in infants spontaneously healing usually after a few weeks, it shows in the adult a pronounced tendency to relapse. General Every day, sloughed from the skin, including the scalp, microscopic skin cells that are not visible to the normal eye. In this way, the skin encounters in the course of the constantly held renewal process from dead cells of the upper skin layers.
It is therefore a very natural process. In contrast, if clearly visible dandruff, are usually other underlying causes, in most cases, a yeast infection. Symptoms may go as far as seborrheic dermatitis of mild dandruff. Unlike the ordinary dandruff one finds a visible inflammation and redness of scaly skin. Symptoms are not also limited to the scalp, but can all sebaceous glands of the skin regions concern. definition Among scales (Medical squamae) means becoming detached from the skin surface part of the stratum corneum. A distinction is made depending on the appearance of various forms. Examples are kleieförmige (pityriasiforme) scaling, as described here, seborrheic eczema, flaky (psoriasiform) scaling, as in psoriasis, leaf-shaped (membranous or lamellar) scaling as to durchgemachtem scarlet, or schildchenförmige (ichthiosiforme) scaling, as in ichthyosis vulgaris, a hereditary disorder of keratinization. Under a seborrheic (seborrhea = Schmerfluss, increased production of the sebaceous glands) Eczema refers to a chronic or recurring in acute attacks eczema in sebaceous gland rich areas such as the face, the scalp, chest and back (anterior and posterior fusion groove) and the genital area. It is accompanied by a bran-oily flaking.