connections What is it? ¿Chicken pox, rubella, scarlet fever or measles? Eruptive are a group of infectious diseases peak incidence in early spring. Not all have the same symptoms and risks and have different treatments. How do you tell them apart? Mariana Nisebe Of the Writing of Clarín. com When we are children almost all we suffer some eruptive disease. Or we had the experience or have heard something about it. But how do you differentiate? Not all have the same symptoms or the same treatment, even the same risks. They are so called because they surface skin blemishes, pimples or blisters; simulating similar to volcanic eruption.
The pediatrician will interpret whether it is an eruption of the skin and its relationship or not with an infectious disease or an allergic reaction, among other possible causes. Like all eruptive diseases, it is preferably in the autumn, late winter and especially in spring. Yes, in the spring! Chickenpox So you have to be attentive and above any suspicion, consult your doctor. Chickenpox is the easiest to recognize, because “it presents with fever and skin rash with blisters and scabs all over his body,” according to a report by Ricardo Gutiérrez Children’s Hospital. Moreover, they add, “is very contagious, is transmitted from person to person through contact with the skin lesions and secretions such as mucus or saliva of an affected between 2 days before the first blister person and up all these are like scabs. During this period the child can not be in contact with other children or pregnant women who have not had chickenpox. ” It has an incubation period of 14 to 16 days and lasts about 10 days on average, although there are cases of up to 21 or more (immunocompromised). Chickenpox is, today, the most common childhood infection eruptive. “In our country are estimated to occur between 350 and 400 thousand cases annually. The virus that causes it, Varicella-zoster, is acquired in childhood and remains” asleep “or dormant in the body for the rest of life. In advanced ages can “wake up” or reactivate, and produce “shingles”, medically known as herpes zoster, “describes Dr.
Claudia Vujacich. It is noteworthy that T here is a vaccine made with live attenuated virus and Varicella-Zoster, with an efficiency of up to 98% and a minimum of side effects; but today is not found in National Immunization Schedule. Their cost ranges from $ 130 to $ 150 (depending on brand). And, although generally does not produce complications, experts explain that it is dangerous in infants and immunocompromised adults. According to a national study published in 2005, “within the complications encountered we are: (most common) bacterial infection, bacteremia, acute otitis media, bacterial varicella pneumonia, pneumonitis, encephalitis (rare in children), acute cerebellar ataxia, Reye’s syndrome , hemolytic uremic syndrome and myocarditis “; so the authors believe i ncorporar suitable vaccine mandatory calendar. Treatment of chickenpox can include everything from painkillers (not to use aspirin), antihistamines and creams or lotions that soothe itchiness (its effect is palliative and transient); to antiviral drugs (for severe cases). The bottom line is preventive treatment by vaccination. Rubella Rubella, meanwhile, is also a viral disease that affects children and adults; but “is characterized by the appearance of pink spots that begin in the head and down to the body, accompanied by fever and enlarged lymph, especially in the neck and behind the ears,” reports the Ministry of Health of the Nation, which has just launched the National Campaign for the elimination of congenital rubella syndrome. This condition occurs in 90% of children born to mothers who have had rubella during the first trimester of pregnancy; It is causing severe damage to the baby. In general, except in the case of a pregnant, l as complications in the course of the disease they are rare. In fact, “25 to 50% of patients do not show any signs of illness. When the rash is present, it is often indistinguishable from other viral infections such as enterovirus infection, fifth disease or mild measles, among other .
so no one can confirm the diagnosis of rubella without a blood test, “Liliana Vazquez described in a report published by the Foundation Center Infectológicos Studies (FUNCEI). The virus is transmitted through saliva droplets that are released into talking, coughing or sneezing or through contact with contaminated secretions objects; and the incubation period ranges between two and three weeks before symptoms appear. Contagion another person may occur from one to two days before the rash appears until a week after it started. Currently there is no specific treatment for rubella virus. As measures are basically the symptom relief (analgesic – antiinflammatory). The vaccine is the most important measure of prevention. Scarlet fever It is the only eruptive bacterial, so it is treatable with antibiotics. It is caused by group A streptococcus The rash is characterized by many colored spots that are joined together and sometimes make all the skin is red. When touched, it feels like goosebumps or grater, and itchy. In an early stage of the disease, the tongue is covered by a layer of yellowish-white through which a red buds appear, which give an aspect of “strawberry tongue”. N ormally is accompanied by an inflammation of the pharynx (throat), tonsils (tonsillitis) and fever. You can even give chills, joint pain throughout the body, nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite.
A child who has scarlet fever can spread the bacteria to others through nasal secretions and throat breathing and sneezing. If it is confirmed that you have an infection (with exudate fauses), the doctor will prescribe an antibiotic to be taken for about 10 days. Measles Finally, a space for this highly contagious viral disease, whose symptoms usually appear in two stages. In the first, fever, runny nose, red eyes and coughing it arises. The second stage begins around the third to seventh day a red rash that begins to appear on the face and spreads over the rest of the body. Small white spots, called Koplik spots, can also be seen on the gums and inside the cheeks. Incubation is 8 to 14 days before the onset of symptoms. A person with measles virus can spread from two to four days before the rash appears and until the rash disappears. The picture resolution in two weeks is usual when complications do not appear; which can be, s ccording to a report by the Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, “or half marmosets, laryngotracheitis, tracheitis, bronchitis, pneumonia and encephalitis. ” The last measles cases were observed in Argentina in Cordoba in February 2000. In 2002 and 2005 the “follow-up campaign” was conducted throughout the country. So far, there is no documentation of measles virus circulation in the country; so its eradication is sought; hence the importance of vaccination and strict controls to cases not matter.