In the nineties, condom use was almost a reflex in the sex act. Today, that fear is gone. That, together with increased sexual partners and ignorance of the ways of transmission of some diseases, has caused sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are in runaway rise. “Are you pregnant, who is the father” asks the doctor. “I do not know,” replies the girl. “How can you not know? “. “I do not know, this had to happen during the spring. ” Just then, doctor and nurse open-eyed and wondering what’s that spring. The spring is a sexual practice very fashionable among young and not so young: the boys, several, naked lie on the floor with the erect penis and the girl is climbing over them, moving from one to another as if a spring in question. Of course, the condom or it is or was expected and that means not only unwanted pregnancies as in the case with which we began this article, but an increase in sexually transmitted diseases, which for some years are in runaway growth in our country . Syphilis, gonorrhea, papillomavirus, chlamydia, HIV . .
. all have increased. Historically, the data are better understood: in 2009, 339 cases of syphilis were identified only in Madrid. In 2010, they were already 648. In 2013 3,120 cases have been reported in Spain, according to the report notifiable diseases. According to the weekly epidemiological bulletin for the week 32 (last August), the Institute of Health Carlos III, there would be 1,514 and 1,382 cases of syphilis gonococcal infections (gonorrhea). “The trend is generally increasing, much attention also syphilis, which was almost extinct disease that has returned with force,” said Dr. Fernando Vazquez, a spokesman for the Spanish Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology (SEIMC). Has been working on these issues since the eighties: “There was syphilis before the advent of penicillin and then lowered also increased with the emergence of HIV in the eighties Then in the nineties is at least transmission of these diseases there was. . except papilloma, by the fear of AIDS. in early 2000 reappears syphilis, with the loss of fear of HIV. we are now witnessing a large increase of STDs, especially in the case of sex between men “added the doctor.
The increases are occurring in two groups: gay men and adolescents between 15 and 25 years. Although HIV has also increased, they make it much more gonorrhea, genital herpes and syphilis. In the case of herpes also they not have numbers because it is not a notifiable disease as with the others: “Each country declares some, now is trying to unify European level to standardize data,” says Vazquez. “Even are occurring disease outbreaks not seen as lymphogranuloma venereum. Within the chlamydial there are different types and this is one of them. It gives gay. There have been outbreaks in Barcelona and Madrid,” he says. Another problem, related to gonorrhea: “The gonococcus is now considered a super bacteria: it was previously very easily but now is not because it has become very resistant to antibiotics, and that complicates the treatment and monitoring of these patients “he says. Although ETS increases are taking place in some population groups, medical affects something very important. “Rather than risk groups must talk about risky behaviors increases are taking place because the condom is not used. In addition, there are many people who believe they can not get an STD from oral sex. And this practice is spread all: HIV, although it is more difficult to spread through oral sex, and all others. In fact there are many cases of oral syphilis, “he says.
“A problem of syphilis is that, if untreated, the bacteria remain in the body and in the following phases, especially in the long term, can be very serious because it would appear what we call neuro-syphilis dementia,” explains Maria Teresa Ledo, chief medical officer of preventive medicine service hospital Torrejón (Madrid). This professional believes that the increase of these diseases is given for different reasons: “Ignorance and fear because AIDS has disappeared, people believe that AIDS is as diabetes, the alert threshold has dropped,” he adds. As papilloma, about two million women would be infected in Spain (2012 data): among 18- to 25 HPV prevalence is 29%. “But Spain is the country where there are less prevalence papilloma” he says. Behind all these increases are losing fear of HIV transmission (disease, having become a chronic disease in the West, is seen as less dangerous) and increased sexual partners: “In some cases, drugs and alcohol. Its consumption makes you relax more and not a condom is used, “says Vazquez. In Spain more than 104 million units of condoms were sold in 2013, while in 2014 were lower sales of over 102 million (Nielsen and IMS data for mass distribution, pharmacy and drugstore). “It may be due to a reduction in the activities of education and communication on sexual well-being and a migration to other contraceptive methods,” they say in company control. Perhaps it would not hurt to recover that famous campaign Make this, wear it, emphasizing that vaginal intercourse or anal are not the only ones that can infect an STD. What are STDs? There is a large number of diseases that are included in the group known STDs and which are known from syphilis, gonorrhea, or papillomavirus at least you named as trichomoniasis, bacterial vaginosis or pediculosis. They all have in common form of infection because they are diseases that are transmitted from an infected person to another through direct contact with the body or contact with infected fluid. The vast majority of STDs can be cured.
It is very important to get treatment when the disease is to cut the chain of transmission and avoid infecting others. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), each year 448 million people infected worldwide four-curable STDs: chlamydia, syphilis, gonorrhea and trichomoniasis.