WHAT IS HERPES? Genital herpes is a contagious disease caused by type 2 (HSV-2) and herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Most genital herpes are caused by HSV-2. Most people with HSV-1 or HSV-2 no signs. If signs occur, they appear as small blisters on the genitals. The blisters break, leaving tender ulcers (sores) that may take two to four weeks to heal. It tends to recur periodically. You can stay indefinitely in the body, outbreaks tend to decrease as the years pass. It is a very common condition that has now increased significantly by the sexual freedom of youth and non correct use of protective elements. In these times is seen to appear from 12 years, one out of five adolescents and adults, have had genital HSV infection. Infection genital HSV-2 is more common in women (approximately one out of four women) than among men (almost one out of five). This may be because it is more likely that transmission occurs male to female transmission from women to men. TYPES OF VIRUS
HSV-1 and HSV-2 can be found in ulcers caused by viruses and released by them, but between outbreaks the virus can also be released by the skin that does not seem affected or do not have ulcers. Usually, a person can only be infected with HSV-2 during sexual contact with someone who has an infection with HSV-2 genital. Transmission can occur from an infected partner who does not have a visible sore and may not know they are infected. HSV-1 can cause genital herpes, but it more commonly causes infections of the mouth and lips, also called “fever blisters. ” It can be caused by oral-genital or genital-genital contact with a person who has HSV-1 infection. Outbreaks of HSV-1 genital recur less regularly than outbreaks of genital HSV-2. Most people infected with HSV-2 are unaware they have the infection. However, if signs and symptoms occur during the first outbreak, they can be quite pronounced. The first outbreak occurs within the following transmission of the virus two weeks and sores typically heal within two to four weeks. You can give flu, including fever and swollen glands symptoms. Most people with HSV-2 infection may have very mild signs that they do not even realize or confused with insect bites or another skin condition. Most people who have been diagnosed with a first episode of genital herpes will have several (typically four or five) outbreaks (symptomatic recurrences) within a period of one year. Usually these recurrences decrease in frequency as time passes.
It can cause the repeated presence of genital ulcers, can be severe in people with immunocompromised systems. Frequently causes psychological distress in people who know they are infected. It can contribute to the spread of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. It makes people more susceptible to HIV infection and causes people living with HIV more infectious. Genital HSV can cause potentially fatal infections in newborns. It is important that women avoid contracting herpes during pregnancy because the occurrence of a first episode during pregnancy causes a greater risk of the virus being transmitted to the baby. If a woman has active genital herpes at delivery it is usually performed a cesarean delivery. The signs and symptoms associated with HSV-2 can vary widely. Doctors can diagnose genital herpes by visual inspection if the outbreak is typical, and by obtaining a sample from an ulcer sent for laboratory analysis. It can be difficult to diagnose infections if there is no clear outbreak. Blood tests, which detect HSV-1 or HSV-2 may be useful, although the results may not definitional. There is no treatment that can cure herpes, but antiviral medications can shorten and prevent outbreaks during the time the person takes the medication. Daily treatment for symptomatic herpes can reduce the possibility of transmission to sexual partners of infected people.
The safest way to avoid transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, including genital herpes, is to abstain from sexual contact or have a lasting relationship with a stable and only couple with evidence (-) and who is not infected. Correct and consistent use of latex condoms reduces the risk of contracting herpes only if the infected area and the area of potential exposure is protected. It is possible that the condom may not cover all infected areas, even correct and consistent use of latex condoms can guarantee protection against genital herpes. People with herpes should abstain from sexual activity with uninfected sexual partners when you have injuries or other symptoms of herpes. It is important to know that even if the person has no symptoms can still infect their sexual partners. This should be advised to sexual partners of infected people. Sexual partners should get tested to determine if they are infected with HSV. A screening test for HSV-2 whose results are positive indicates that most likely have genital herpes infection. This applied to herpes is also considered in condyloma oncogenic virus (human papilloma virus or HPV). (EXTRACT http://www. cdc. gov/std/Spanish/STDFact-Herpes-s. htm#Whatis)