Eye drops containing cortisone or antibiotics should be used only after medical consultation. (Photo: Bilderbox) (Dbp / auh) “Eye drops containing antibiotics or cortisone are valuable drugs, but their use belongs in the hands of an experienced ophthalmologist. ” Professor Bernd Bertram, Chairman of the Professional Association of German Ophthalmologists (BVA), has with this statement points to the long-term health risks of self-medication with prescription eye drops. The eye is red again? Because the temptation is great to resort to the eye drops that are still of earlier problems in medicine cabinet and who at that time so well helped. But this tactic, as convenient as it may be, according to BVA can have fatal consequences. Because the possible causes of “red eye” are manifold: A foreign object may fall into the eye, the cornea may have been violated, viruses – for example, herpes simplex – or bacteria may have infected the eye surface. For example, if a virus triggers the inflammation, antibiotics and cortisone can not do anything, they can even harm. Treatment must turn against the specific cause be targeted. Antibiotics are used too often “Every unnecessary antibiotic therapy favors the development of resistance,” Professor Bertram: There are increasingly developing into bacterial strains which the active ingredients can no longer harm.
A valuable weapon in medicine will dull. Apply cortisone with prudence Containing cortisone eyedrops may in certain diseases such as iridocyclitis – inflammation of the iris and ciliary body – be indispensable, makes Prof. Bertram clear. But if ophthalmologists prescribe cortisone, then they should check always if side effects occur: Intraocular pressure may increase, so that a glaucoma (glaucoma) may occur. Some patients may develop (cataract) and within a remarkably short time a particular form of cataract. In addition, the body’s defense is weakened by cortisone. If an infection with bacteria, herpes viruses or fungi can be dangerous: “In these cases, the disease caused by cortisone even be worse because the cortisone reduces the body’s defense against germs,” explains the ophthalmologist.