Photo owned by CNN. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), worldwide there are currently 340 million new cases of sexually transmitted infections among people aged 15 to 49 years ,. In Mexico, STDs that have increased are the genital herpes, syphilis and human papillomavirus (HPV). Here the 5 most lethal for both men and women. 1. Gonorrhea: It is a disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a bacterium that grows and multiplies easily in warm, moist areas of the reproductive tract, including the cervix, womb and fallopian tubes in women, and in the urethra in both sexes. The bacterium can also grow in the mouth, throat, eyes and anus. 2. Syphilis: It is curable if diagnosed early and treated with medication prescribed by a specialist. Untreated syphilis causes serious health complications such as damage to the skin, bones and cardiovascular problems. Because syphilis sores can be hidden in the vagina, rectum or mouth, it may be that a person does not realize that your sexual partner has syphilis.
3. Genital herpes: Each year, 20 million people are infected by this virus. Often, genital herpes have no symptoms. Some people carry the virus in the body but does not manifest itself until you become infected again. Symptoms include itching or burning, pain sensation when the urine passes over the sores, swollen and tender to the touch in the groin, neck and underarms lymph nodes. The symptoms disappear within the next three weeks or less if treated with medication. 4. Chlamydia: It is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, which affects the genitals of women. Although infection with chlamydia have no symptoms, serious complications that can occur “silently” cause irreversible damage, including infertility. This infection causes discharge from the penis of an infected man. It can be transmitted during vaginal, oral or anal.
It can also be transmitted from mother to child during vaginal delivery. 5. Human Papillomavirus (HPV): For those who choose to be sexually active, a long-term relationship is the strategy most likely to prevent genital HPV infection, according to experts. However, it is difficult to determine whether the partner who has been sexually active in the past is currently infected with the virus. The virus can lie dormant in the body for a long time and spend up to 10 years for transit of a clinical stage to another. With Salud180 information.