What should I do if I want to tan my skin? Everyone should know their personal risk of developing skin cancer. Sun sensitivity is a risk factor. Other risk factors for skin cancer are: Skin cancer in prehistory Skin cancer in the family Medications that suppress the immune system (for example, post-transplant) many moles seniority many sunbathing in life many sunburns in life The skin must have to be able to browning ability. At very light skin tones sunning makes no sense, because the skin can not tan.
The skin should be browned slowly. If excessive “Aufbräunung” it usually comes to sunburn and skin aging faster. The UV doses should be assessed properly: In the noon, the UV doses highest and thus the risk of sunburn is very high. Own protection should be noted: If someone is very sensitive to the sun and usually after 5 minutes in the sun gets a sunburn, then he can stay with a sun protection factor of 30 about 150 minutes in the sun. But since most of the sunscreen is not applied properly, you should after about 75 minutes of sun. As a general rule: After half the possible exposure time out of the sun. Reflective surfaces should be considered: In light sand, in water or on the glacier, the reflection of solar radiation is very high. Under the umbrella up to 50% of UV radiation can arrive in light sand yet. For optimum equipment for longer stays in the sun include textiles to protect against UV rays, sunglasses with UV protection glasses and a lip cream or a lipstick with a high SPF. Important: Normal colored lipsticks protect Therefore pay attention to additional sunscreen in lipsticks only to SPF 4. In particular, the lower lip may suffer considerable damage by UV irradiation. Among the immediate reactions of excessive irradiation at the lip typically belongs to the cold sore. The late reactions after intensive sunbathing (= years or decades later) to the lip part of the squamous der Lippe (= lip cancer).
Which sunscreen should I use? Select correct sun protection factor: The sunscreen must be proportionate to the sun skin sensitivity. Very light skin types need to apply high or very high sun protection factors (SPF 50+). However, 20 be sufficient also LSF. One can easily go out earlier from the sun. Select the correct type of sunscreen: There are sunscreens that are waterproof and those which are not. If the sunscreen can be washed off by bathing programs, then you should use waterproof sunscreens. Recent studies have shown that the price and the quality of sunscreen have nothing to do with each other. For the choice of sunscreen, the current investigation by Stiftung Warentest should be consulted. To show these studies that not everywhere waterproof on the sunscreen on the outside, even waterproof sunscreen in it. Since the water resistance of sunscreens is different and the effectiveness of sunscreen may be affected by drying or rubbing off the skin, sunscreen is prudent to be re-applied after swimming. How much sunscreen should I use? What should I put attention on?
Sunscreen must be applied abundantly. From the trend, this means: Better too much on the skin rather than too little. Sunscreen on thick and then have it collected only the cream, as otherwise there is a danger that the cream is wiped off of towels or clothing. Who eincremt and touched the creamed bodies with towels, wipes the cream from or leaves the cream in the towel move. Then the towel is indeed well protected from the UV radiation but not the skin. For longer stays in the sun, the creaming is essential. Protects an umbrella reliably against UV radiation? No. A good umbrella will only protect against direct sunlight. If the ground is very bright, very much UV radiation from there is reflected. Up to 50% of UV radiation can come under the umbrella. Also under the umbrella so it is possible to get a sunburn. What should I look under a cloudy sky on the beach?
Pay attention to the risk of sunburn: UV radiation in cloudy weather weakened generally, so that the risk of sunburn is lower. In most cases, this attenuation of the UV radiation is overestimated and it comes to sunburn. Typically, 50% of UV radiation are present, if a cloud is present. But beware: There are situations where the UV radiation is even stronger than in blue sky. This quite frequent case occurs when there is a so-called scattered clouds, that the sun comes out from time to time and otherwise white clouds are present. This white clouds then reflect UV radiation and strengthen the direct solar radiation acting. What should be considered during in children in the sun? Children do not like usually to be creamed with sun cream. It is therefore quite reasonable to protect the children with clothes from the UV rays. For the skin areas that are exposed to the sun, there are special children’s sunscreen. What is currently good, can be read from the lists of Stiftung Warentest. but sunscreen does not prevent the growth in size of birthmarks. Therefore, parents who have a lot of moles themselves, put their children rather on UV-proof clothing.
What clothing protects against UV radiation? Basically protects clothes almost always against UV radiation. The thinner the clothes, the poorer is also the sun protection in the rule. A normal blue jeans protects well and usually sufficient. have thin T-shirts made of cotton only a protection of an SPF 5-10 equivalent (better than nothing! ). Wet T-shirts protect even less. Colored T-Shirts cotton usually have a better sunscreen 10 to 20 Thicker cotton shirts have a sunscreen to 20. Basically depends on the protection of cotton clothing of the fabric weight of the woven fibers. For other materials no fundamental recommendation can be made. It is then on to the individual case or the mixing ratio. Who wants to be sure, can buy UV clothing according to the Australian Standard. Protects self against UV rays?
No. Self changed only the top layer of skin. The sun skin sensitivity is not changed. What should I look at the tanning salon? The Federal Office for Radiation Protection grants a quality seal at Sun Studios, which adhere to certain requirements for quality assurance. This seal “Certified Tanning Salon – certified according to the criteria of the BfS” have at the present time (July 2010) but very few tanning salons in Germany. If a tanning salon, having this seal, this speaks for a high quality of tanning salons! The following questions should generally provide all Sun Studio users: If sensible advice in Sun Studio? Will the sun skin sensitivity considered in the time and choice of equipment? Will ensure that the skin is not damaged by too many UV radiation in a short time? If the hygiene okay? Is there sufficient goggles for the eyes? Can be influenced by food the UV protection of the skin?
Foods can reduce or increase the sensitivity of the skin to UV radiation. But, are not yet known precisely the numerous effects of dietary supplements, which should be taken in higher doses, to be mentioned in any appropriate food. For example only, it should be mentioned: beta-carotene (provitamin A) reduces the sensitivity to the sun skin. However, in a study it was found that beta-carotene increases the risk of lung cancer in smokers. Currently there is not recommended to take food or nutritional supplement only for UV protection to him.