Child herpes is a common viral infection, which comes in two varieties: type I herpes, the most common in both children and adults, which produces painful sores around the mouth in the form of cold sores (fever). Lesions start on one side of the mouth give way to a red and swollen area, with painful blisters from 1 to 3 mm in diameter, which open and let out an opalescent liquid. After a scab forms. The type II herpes, herpes zoster, affects mainly adults and is a skin infection shaped rash that is presented in the form of anilllo, like a blister that is painful. It is more common in the genital region. Recurrent episodes of herpes virus do not produce symptoms such as fever. It is hardly limited to the affected area. Causes herpes in children and infants Herpes simplex type I. The cause of cold sores is the herpes simplex virus, which is transmitted by contact and is installed on sensory nerves. After infection, the virus is activated due to sunburn, fever, friction or physical exhaustion chronically. Shingles, type II. Zoster virus, the same also causes chickenpox, is the cause of this disease.
To have shingles you must have been in contact with the virus, ie, it has passed before chickenpox. The virus is housed in cells of the sensory nerve ganglia which innervate the region and can be reactivated in situations of stress, low defenses (children), fever, sun exposure or menstruation in adolescents. Herpes infection in infants and children simplex or herpes labialis. The infection process lasts between 10 and 14 days, they need time to mature blisters, broken, dry and form crusts that break off without leaving marks or scars. It is very mportant that the virus does not reach the eye area. So that the infection does not spread is very important that children wash their hands frequently and vesicles not touch, do not kiss other people while blisters arise and should share toys that was carried to the mouth. Shingles, type II. First itching, tingling or burning or pain in the skin, especially on the trunk (thorax and abdomen) appears. At 4 or 5 days, the area reddens and blisters arise a contagious because they contain the virus inside. These blisters can break and become ulcers. After a week or two, they dried and crust that falls and can leave a residual scar. Other symptoms that can lead to herpes zoster infection are abdominal pain, fever, chills, headache and joint pain.
Although not common, the rash can reach the face, mouth, eyes and ears. Herpes treatment in children and infants Herpes simplex type I. When the child complains of itching or pain around the lips, you can apply an ice cube or ice pack for an hour and a half to stop the infection. You can also rub 4 times a day with a cotton ball soaked in alcohol until they begin to dry. They should be left exposed outdoors without using ointments. When the blisters are gone, we can prevent a flare with a sunscreen. If the herpes spreads or lasts longer than two weeks, should go to the doctor. Shingles, type II. Should consult a doctor or pediatrician first. Treatment should be initiated 24 to 48 hours after pain and always before the blisters appear. The most common treatment is to antiviral drugs that are aimed at reducing the duration of the acute phase, which typically lasts for a week, through syrups, ointments or tablets having the ability to significantly reduce the duration of symptoms. Marisol New.
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