June 27, 2015 5:00 am. Rosario Espinoza B. One in three people at some point in their life has been affected by shingles. Therefore there is a need to report on this disease, which is caused by the virus varicella- zoster. Its main complication is called post-herpetic neuralgia which is a severe and debilitating pain in areas affected by the rash, which may persist even after the disappearance of the eruption. It can last three months or even years. The infectious disease Juan Carlos Gomez, member of the campaign “Let shingles not come into your life, get vaccinated,” says that anyone who has had chickenpox can develop this disease, including children, but the risk of developing it increases with age . The rash appears on the skin usually in the middle of the body or face. The most vulnerable are adults mayores. Se estimated at 85 years, 50% of people have experienced an episode of this disease. It is estimated that 95% of adults are at risk. Half of cases occur in men and women over 60 years when complications such as PHN are much more frequent. VACCINATION TIME
The treatment is based on the use of analgesics, wet wipes, lotions and soothing baths to relieve pain and itching, as well as the use of antiviral to shorten and reduce the severity of their symptoms. But these are only effective when administered at the onset of the rash. It is therefore important vaccination since it has been shown to be reduced by 67% the risk of developing post-herpetic neuralgia condition and even pain that can occur after illness. This vaccine is now available in our country and has been approved by the various health institutions. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DISEASE The patient will suffer chills, fever, nausea, diarrhea or difficulty urinating. These symptoms can take three or four days before reporting the disease. The patient will have greater sensitivity and mild pain in the area where the rash will appear. They are the first signs of this herpes. In some cases it may occur itching, burning or tingling sensation. It will then liquid-filled blisters surrounded by a small red zone. Blisters occupy only a limited area of the skin, whose sensitivity is borne by the affected nerves. Blisters appear, usually on the trunk and on one side.
The affected area of the body is usually very sensitive, even a light touch can cause severe pain. Complications can arise in the eyes, causing vision loss, pneumonia, hearing problems, encephalitis, bacterial infection in areas affected by the eruption, hepatitis and even death.