Molluscum contagiosum is a skin infection with pearl appearance, very easy to spread. One of its modes of transmission is through sexual contact, so it has been included in the group of sexually transmitted diseases. Definition It is a benign skin tumor that affects only humans, caused by a virus of the genus Molluscipoxvirus. Causes Infection occurs when there is direct contact with exposed skin injury. When is transmitted by sexual contact injuries genitals can be confused with warts or herpes, however, lesions of molluscum painless. It is common also find it by direct contact transmission face, neck, armpits, arms and hands, almost anywhere in the body except palms or soles of the feet. It is common in preschool children. The virus can also spread through contact with contaminated objects such as towels, clothing, toys, etc. It is frequently found in patients with compromised defenses or low, as in the case of AIDS patients. Epidemiology It is increasingly common to find as sexually-transmitted disease in young adults.
It’s commonly found in AIDS patients, which sometimes may have abundant Molluscum lesions on the skin. The disease is found worldwide, currently remains more common in children than in adults. symptoms After infection, it can take up to 6 months to present injuries. The lesion begins as a small lump or 2 to 5 millimeters in diameter, which is not painful ball, but can cause itching, and can grow to become a flesh-colored lump-like pearl. Typically these tumors have a dimple (or navel) in the center. Scratching causes the spread of viruses on the skin and the appearance of more lesions, which are sometimes observed in rows or groups. The lesions may persist for up to two years, but eventually retire spontaneously. Not often redden or appear inflamed, unless scratching the person wounds cause skin which is subsequently infected. Diagnosis The doctor will diagnose molluscum contagiosum based on the appearance of the lesions and can confirm by a biopsy of the skin in the affected area. The injury should always be evaluated by a physician to rule out other problems. The doctor can squeeze the contents of injuries and in some cases use it for laboratory diagnosis.
Treatment Individual lesions can be removed by scraping, removal of the nucleus, freezing or electrosurgery. These procedures are performed by an expert dermatologist mode outpatient surgery. In most people the disease goes away by itself in less than two years. Prevention In the case of sexual transmission, condom in this case is not entirely effective, as the person may have lesions in areas not covered by the condom. It is best to have sex with a mutually monogamous and informed partner. The spread in other areas of the skin and especially in children is prevented by avoiding direct contact with skin lesions and not sharing towels with others. Forecast Only injuries were scratches can leave marks in that area of the skin. They usually disappear between 2 months and 2 years. They can persist in people with AIDS and other diseases that cause engagement of immune system defenses. Specialist in the diagnosis, treatment and control
The general practitioner will diagnose reviewing injuries and may be supported by an evaluation by a dermatologist. A dermatologist can perform the removal of lesions with the above methods. CONCLUSION: Molluscum is a skin disease transmitted by a virus. Each time is more transmission by sexual contact. It resolves itself in an approximate two-year course. People with AIDS may persist with injuries for longer periods of time. BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES: Poxvirus. Jawetz Medical Microbiology, Melnick and Adelberg. 17th edition in Spanish. Sexually transmitted diseases. National Library of Medicine.
http://www. nlm. nih. gov/ Pathology of the lower genital tract in women. Dra. Guadalupe Villanueva Quintero. Gynecology. Dr. Luis Armando González Gutiérrez. University of Guadalajara. Ed. 2005, pp: 111-113
Article owned by Doctor Universe Written by Dr. Jose de Jesus Perez Summer Surgeon and Obstetrician Professional Certificate 105076 Senior Medical Doctor Universe www. universomedico. com. mx
Definition Molluscum contagiosum is a viral infection that causes papules or nodules on the skin as perlite. Causes and risk factors Molluscum contagiosum is a common contagious injury, which is caused by a virus of the pox virus family. This virus is called Molluscum Contagiosum Molluscipoxvirus. It is a very common infection in children. He is frequently seen on the face, neck, armpits, arm and hands, but can appear anywhere on the body except the palms of the hands and feet. Sometimes it is seen in the genitals. In adults, mollusks appear on the genitals as a sexually transmitted disease. This is very significant among the growing number of people with immunosuppression caused by AIDS, which can develop a sudden case of molluscum contagiosum. The lesion of molluscum begins with a small papule that then enlarged to a pearly colored nodule. The nodule, often has a dimple in the center (umbilicado). These nodules appear online, where the person scratches.
Scratching or other irritative local mechanism causes the virus to spread online or in groups (crops). The nodules measured approximately 2 to 5 millimeters in diameter and are not painful. No inflammation and, therefore, no redness unless the person to rub or scratch the lesions. At maturity of the mollusc, the tip of the nodule can be opened with a sterile needle and a wax core aspect is squeezing out. Molluscum contagiosum is a chronic infection and lesions may remain for a few months or years. These lesions ultimately disappear without scarring. Primary lesions can be confused with herpes but, unlike what happens with herpes, these lesions are not painful. The virus is spread by direct contact, as seen in children, but can be transmitted through sexual contact. They can spread locally (autoinoculation) by the spill virus lesions into adjacent areas of the skin. Prevention Avoid direct contact with lesions. Be careful during sex, using a condom, which can help in the prevention of this viral infection. Condoms can prevent the spread of the virus when used appropriately.
The condom is the best protection against the disease when the sexual partner is unknown, and to prevent contagion, not only molluscum but also other infectious diseases. symptoms Skin lesions, with the following characteristics: Shaped papule or nodule. Small (about 2 to 5 mm in diameter). Umbilication (with a dimple in the center). Initially firm, flesh-colored pearlescent and dome-shaped. Subsequently they become softer, gray and can ooze. wet viscous core material. Painless. Single or multiple (most often multiple). usually located on the face, trunk, arms and legs in the case of children. usually located in genitals, abdomen and inner thighs in adults.
Diagnosis Diagnosis is based on the appearance of the lesion and can be confirmed with a biopsy. The doctor should examine the lesions to rule out other problems Treatment In people with a normal immune system, the lesions disappear spontaneously within 2 or 3 months. The complete disappearance occurs after 6 to 18 months. In people with immune system affected by other problems, such as AIDS, injuries can be extensive. Individual lesions can be removed surgically, by scraping, freezing or electric needle. Usually it has done by scraping. They can help drugs used for warts. complications Persistence or recurrence expansion of lesions. Secondary bacterial skin infections
It is a viral skin infection that causes papules or nodules raised, pearl-like skin, and typically at its center a depression as whitish navel. Causes Molluscum contagiosum is caused by a virus of the family member of the poxvirus infection can be acquired in many different ways. It is a common infection in children and occurs when a child comes into direct contact with an injury. It is frequently seen on the face, neck, armpits, arms and hands, although it can occur anywhere on the body except the palms and soles of the feet. The virus can spread through contact with contaminated objects such as towels, clothing, or toys. The virus also spreads through sexual contact. Early lesions on the genitalia may be mistaken for herpes or warts but, unlike herpes, these lesions are painless. Immunocompromised persons, due to diseases such as AIDS, may have a case of molluscum rapidly worsening. symptoms The lesion of molluscum begins as a small, painless papule that can grow into a lump of flesh-colored pearl. The papule often has a dimple in the center. These papules may occur in rows, in the place where the person has scratched.
Scratching or other irritation causes the virus to spread in rows or in groups, called crops. The papules are approximate width of 2 to 5 millimeters. Usually, no inflammation and subsequently no redness unless you have been digging or scratching at the lesions. The skin lesion commonly has a central core or plug of white, cheesy or waxy material. In adults, lesions are commonly seen on the genitals, abdomen and inner thigh. Exams and Tests The diagnosis is based on the appearance of the lesion and can be confirmed with a biopsy of the skin. The doctor should examine the lesion to rule out other problems and determine other disorders subyacentes. Tratamiento In people with normal immune systems, the disorder usually goes away by itself in a period of months to years. Immunocompromised people, such as those with AIDS, may have a case of molluscum rapidly worsening. For the full treatment, you can click here, and atederé personally. Expectations (prognosis)
Molluscum lesions may persist from a few months to a few years. These lesions ultimately disappear without scarring, unless excessive scratching, which may leave marks arises. Individual lesions usually disappear in about 2 or 3 months; but the complete disappearance of all lesions can generally occur in about 6-18 months. The disorder may persist in immunosuppressed people. complications Persistence, spread or recurrence of injury Secondary bacterial skin infections Call your provider Call for an appointment with your doctor if you have symptoms suggestive of molluscum contagiosum. Call your doctor for an appointment if lesions persist or spread, or new síntomas. Prevención Avoid direct contact with skin lesions and do not share towels with others. Avoiding sex can also prevent molluscum virus and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Also, you can avoid STDs by having a monogamous sexual relationship with a person known to be free from the disease. Male and female condoms can not protect completely, because the virus may be in areas not covered by the condom. However, condoms should still be used whenever the health status of a sexual partner is unknown, thus the chances of getting or spreading sexually transmitted diseases are reduced. Use them with spermicide with nonoxynol-9. Molluscum contagiosum (MC) is a benign skin disease caused by a DNA virus of the family of poxviruses. Despite having a worldwide distribution, morbidity is low. However, there are now affects more individuals added to immunocompromised patients.
Molluscum contagiosum is a skin infection (benign tumor) as pearl produced by a virus of the genus poxvirus. It is easily spread by what is included in sexually transmitted diseases. Molluscum contagiosum affects from children under 10 years who are sexually active adults, also through patients who may be too low defenses, such as AIDS patients. It is a disease that affects more men than women, increasing its frequency in countries with tropical climates. Lesions produced by the molluscum in the genitals when transmitted through sexual contact can be mistaken for warts or herpes, creating a misdiagnosis symptoms Since its contagion, molluscum contagiosum can take up to 6 months to submit injuries. small round bumps show dome shaped pink or flesh colored. Packages are located in the outer area of the genitals and anus, as a lump or ball 2 to 5 millimeters in diameter. Injuries can cause itching (scratching causes the spread of the virus in the skin and the appearance of more injuries) and inconvenience. If you have a weakened immune system (including HIV infections) can result in serious injury called giant lesions that usually extend. Untreated lesions can last to disappear two weeks to five years. Diagnosis and treatment
Molluscum diagnosis is confirmed by a biopsy of the skin of the affected area. The doctor can compress or scrape the contents of injuries and in specific cases to allocate its contents for laboratory diagnosis in order to confirm whether or not infection. Individual lesions can be isolated by scraping, its removal from the core, freezing, electrosurgery or certain medications. After treatment molluscum it is advised: – Keep the affected area clean using another towel to dry the rest of the body after bathing. – Do not scratch. – Wash hands after contact in the affected area. – Apply cold compresses to the injury (relieved), etc.
description In molluscum contagiosum (Molluscum contagiosum) is actually not about warts, but so-called mollusks, which are triggered in contrast to most real warts not (! ) By the human papillomavirus (HPV). causes Dell warts are caused by infection with the molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV), a virus from the family of poxviruses. The infection often finds it in damp, public places instead of (swimming pool, sauna, sports locker). Colloquially therefore one speaks often of the so-called pool warts. If MCV is also a sexually transmitted disease, which is why these are also commonly occurs in the genital area. As with all viral diseases, a weakened immune system is also one of the fundamental causes for the outbreak of the disease with noticeable symptoms. Appearance Molluscum contagiosum have a very characteristic appearance and are therefore easy to identify by visual diagnosis and clearly distinguished from other types of warts such as age warts or genital warts. Molluscum always appear in groups. Sometimes ignite individual warts or the surrounding skin.
It concerns with molluscum contagiosum, as the following figures illustrate, to have spherical, mostly rosane to reddish knot with a dent on the top, which usually maximum 2cm diameter: Affected area Molluscs or molluscum contagiosum can appear anywhere on the body, but are primarily used on the upper body and arms in front (upper and lower arms, entire palm including fingers). Even the genital area can be as already mentioned, affected both men and women. Especially adults suffer primarily in the field of genitals often under this infectious disease. An eczema sufferer children are often very vulnerable to MCV-related mollusks. Likelihood of confusion Molluscum can hardly be confused due to their typical appearance with other warts or skin diseases. Ways to treat The range of treatment options, as with other types of warts (for example, senile warts, genital warts), very wide. One can treat by etchant or electricity, by cutting away, expressions or the use of drugs molluscum by freezing (cryotherapy), laser treatment, chemical burn (cautery). Also various home remedies and alternative medical methods are used by some of those affected. Need treatment
Treatment is highly recommended both for aesthetic reasons and for health reasons (risk of infection). The disease spreads easily through direct contact or through infected objects (especially towels, washcloths, bathrobes). Strict hygiene and using our own towels are a must for those affected to keep others from becoming infected. Often the mollusks form while back after several months of itself, but this is not always so. The disease can be kept obstinately for years to come and spread. In any case, treatment is highly recommended. To ask? Leave us a comment.
Molluscum run completely free of symptoms usually Synonyms Warts, molluscs Medical: molluscum contagiosum definition Molluscum contagiosum (also: molluscum contagiosum, molluscs) are harmless lesions that belong to the group of warts and are of a particular virus from the pox group, namely the DNA virus Molluscum contagiosum, triggered. This type of wart mainly affects children and adolescents and is highly contagious. introduction The molluscum received its name from its characteristic appearance. Usually impress the warts than about 2-6 mm wide, either flesh-colored or slightly reddish or whitish nodules which have a dent in the middle and often have a slightly shiny surface. In principle, the molluscum contagiosum can occur anywhere on the body, frequently, it exists in the face (often on the eyelids), the neck, in the armpits, on the chest, hands, or, especially in adults, in the genital region. Molluscum always occur multiple times, sometimes individually, sometimes also distributed in groups over the body. In the indentation of warts is a pasty, whitish, talghaltiger content, which consists of many infected with the virus cells and sometimes emptied on pressure toward the outside.
The transmission of molluscum contagiosum can occur in two different ways: One possibility is the direct physical contact (contact infection), in which the virus is transmitted directly from person to person. This process is responsible for ensuring that you can also be infected during sexual intercourse. The second possibility is the so-called smear infection, wherein the virus across the touch of an intermediate object transfer is done. This also explains why children often infected in a pool or kindergarten, since hygiene conditions often are not optimal and, for example, towels, toys, clothing or similar items will be divided. These favorable distribution circumstances, it is believed that 2-8% of the world’s population are infected with the virus. After infection, the first warts show usually after about two weeks up to six months. Who is affected? In principle, every person can be infected with molluscum contagiosum. However, there are some groups of people in which, because of certain factors an infection occurs favors. This includes especially children (mainly because of their not so pronounced hygienic behavior), people with eczema (as the skin is very dry and mostly already been damaged in this disease) or persons with an impaired immune status (for example, by certain diseases such as HIV infection or cancer, or by treatment with drugs that suppress the immune system such as cortisone). symptoms Often patients are completely symptom-free with molluscum contagiosum, but sometimes there is also a non-negligible itching (especially in already dry skin).
In risk groups the manifestation on the skin can also be sometimes so pronounced that sufferers see limited in their quality of life due to this distinct outward appearance. Because of their typical appearance make the molluscum for a doctor almost always a visual diagnosis is. Especially in the early stages, however, can also even be that molluscum contagiosum in appearance other lesions such as common warts (verruca vulgaris), genital warts (condyloma acuminata) or similar fatty deposits (xanthomas). In these rare unclear cases, a tissue sample is taken and their examination under a microscope (histology) are carried out, through which the diagnosis then insure themselves permanently and simultaneously can exclude a malignant change. There are also surgical treatment options. The treatment of molluscum contagiosum is not necessary at all concerned. Frequently the lesions within six to eighteen months regress spontaneously. However, since this regression period partially extends over a very long period of time and there that this regression takes place at all, there is no guarantee, often one decides to treat the molluscum but, especially if they cause discomfort to the patient. For treatment, there are several options. Mostly the molluscum be removed mechanically. Usually they are removed using a “sharp spoon” (the corresponding method is called curettage). This is a surgical hand tool that has a spoon-like end with sharp edges, which is used to scrape tissue growths. Even with a curved forceps in a special way can be scratched off the molluscum.
It is also possible to scribe the molluscum contagiosum and then squeeze with a particular pliers. It is important that after this operation is carried out a thorough disinfection of the skin, so that the virus can not spread on the skin. All above treatments are usually carried out under local anesthesia, only in exceptional cases (for example, in young children or in very large area of the skin infection) is recommended general anesthesia. An alternative is the freezing (cryotherapy). In this form of therapy one makes freezing techniques (for example, using liquid nitrogen, which is about -196 ° C is cold) to use, which cause pathologically altered tissue can be destroyed. Moreover, molluscum contagiosum can also be removed using a specific pulsed dye laser. Another option is the drug treatment of the mollusks. This allows the patient to perform alone rule. In this case, it will use a solution containing dilute caustic potash (potassium hydroxide) and / or vitamin A acid. This preparation must twice be spotted on the warts, at which point they usually disappear with time per day. Read more about: remove warts freeze warts Molluscum belong to the group of so-called viral warts.
For this reason, molluscum are considered extremely contagious. Particularly contagious, these lesions by direct contact or during sexual intercourse. However, a transfer of the responsible virus is also possible via smear infection. The contagious molluscum can therefore be very easily transmitted if several people use the same towels and / or garments. In children, molluscum also apply when using the same toy as particularly contagious. The prognosis of molluscum contagiosum is generally favorable: They usually form after a certain time on its own, but otherwise almost always under adequate therapy back. However, this is limited to patients with a weakened immune system. In addition, a protecting a once resolved infection with the Molluscum contagiosum virus (whether with or without therapy) not before a new infection, which is why there may be relapses throughout life often. There are several methods to prevent infestation with molluscum contagiosum. First and foremost is a general hygienic behavior, which means that we regularly should wash their hands and should be careful to use your own towels or clothing. You should also molluscum in no case with the naked finger touch (whether they are on another person, because then you might be infected, or whether they are on their own body, since one could then procrastinate on other skin areas). Moreover, should be used in sexual intercourse condoms. These prevent the risk of infection, although not completely, reduce their risk, however, significantly.
Molluscum contagiosum (technical term: mollusks) can be observed both in the child, as well as in adulthood. In general, cases of molluscum find but much more common in children. When a child is molluscum contagiosum typically show as a single skin-colored or reddish bumps that are usually about pinhead size. can molluscum but just relatively more frequently in children at a particular body region. Typically, the surveys have a characteristic central indentation. The reason that molluscum contagiosum can be observed particularly frequently in children is their hygiene behavior less pronounced. The transmission of the virus responsible (Molluscipoxvirus) for example, by sharing towels or garments. Kindergartens, schools and daycare centers are therefore the ideal transfer location for molluscum contagiosum. The pathogen is also applied particularly well in soggy skin areas. When child therefore constitutes the regular attendance of swimming pools is a significant risk factor. Even for a child suffering from chronic skin diseases is an increased risk molluscum form. Moreover, a stable immune child usually is considered significantly less risk. Only a few days to months after the virus was able to penetrate the skin barrier to show the first molluscum.
Diagnosis of molluscum contagiosum in children follows the same principles as in adults. Basically, it is a pure visual diagnosis. The doctor can make only by the inspection of the affected areas of skin diagnosis “molluscum”. In a child, especially the face, the neck, the eyelids, the genital area and armpits are affected. An immunocompetent child suffering from molluscum contagiosum must be treated in most cases immediately. The majority of the affected, otherwise healthy, children, the molluscum form after a few months without medical intervention back (spontaneous recovery). However, this long healing time can cause aesthetic problems. Not infrequently, the affected child for the presence of molluscum ashamed, being teased and starts, for example in order to avoid the pool is. This can result in the long run even to psychological problems. In addition, the parents of an affected child needs to be aware that Dell warts are highly contagious and timely removal, minimizing the risk of transmission. If a quick treatment be necessary, for various methods are available. In most cases molluscum remove the child from a dermatologist. In order to gestallten engagement as painless as possible, the affected area will be given a local anesthetic.
When a child is used for this purpose numbing skin creams or gels. Before the actual treatment can begin the anesthetic must remain on the skin surface of the child at least one hour. In this way, the molluscum removal of the child is particularly gentle. Following anesthesia of the treatment area, the surface of Dellwarze is thoroughly disinfected. Then the actual removal of molluscum using a sharp spoon or tweezers done. After the removal of molluscum contagiosum in children it is very important to disinfect the affected area again. In this way, the remaining viruses can not be transferred to other parts of the body and thus encourage the emergence of new molluscum. Another useful especially for children Therapy is the icing of molluscum contagiosum. The attending dermatologist constitutes Dellwarze case over a short period of liquid nitrogen (cryotherapy). Parents of an affected child can perform a treatment of molluscum contagiosum and from home itself. The molluscum contagiosum should it twice a day with a special potash (potassium hydroxide) are blotted to a marked inflammatory response occurs. Starting from this inflammatory reaction cure molluscum contagiosum in children usually completely. Especially in children, the prevention of molluscum contagiosum is extremely heavy.
A child is in constant contact with their peers. In addition, children are usually very active, sweat, go to the pool and therefore provide the responsible viruses an ideal entry point into the skin. Parents should, however, ensure that every child uses its own towel and they are not interchangeable. Regular disinfection of the hands may reduce the risk of transmission, of course, but a transfer can not be entirely ruled out. In addition, it should be ensured that a child who is already suffering from molluscum this never touched by fingers and then touching other parts of the body or even other children. Self-test skin type Which skin type are you? Answer to a few brief questions and find your personal skin type. Here goes straight to the skin type test Related topics that may be of interest to you are: A list all threads for dermatology, we have already published, see: Dermatology A-Z