What are irritations and oral lesions? Irritations and oral lesions are swellings, spots or sores in the mouth, lips or tongue. While there are many types of mouth sores and disorders, among the most common are canker sores, cold sores, leukoplakia and candidiasis (thrush). These are discussed below. If you have a sore in the mouth, it is not the only one: about a third of all people are affected at some time. However, sores, irritations and oral lesions are painful, unsightly and can interfere with eating and speaking. Any mouth sore that persists for a week or more should be examined by a dentist. It may recommend a biopsy (removal of tissue for analysis), which usually determine the cause and rule out serious illnesses such as cancer and AIDS. How do I know if I have a sore or oral lesion? The following signs may indicate a mouth sore or oral lesion: Canker sores are small white swellings or sores surrounded by an area of redness. While canker sores are not contagious, they are often confused with cold sores caused by the herpes virus. It may be useful to remember that canker sores occur inside the mouth, while cold sores usually outside.
Canker sores can recur and be minor (small), major (larger) or Herpetiform (multiple, in groups or clusters). Canker sores are common and often recur. While the exact cause of them is not known, some experts believe may be involved immune system problems, bacteria or viruses. Factors such as stress, trauma, allergies, cigarette smoking, iron deficiency or other vitamins and heredity also help make a person more likely to get thrush. Cold sores, also called fever blisters or herpes simplex, is a group of blisters that appear around the lips and sometimes under the nose or chin. Cold sores, usually is caused by a type of herpes virus and is very contagious. The first infection usually occurs in children, sometimes without symptoms, and may be confused with a cold or flu. Once the person has been infected, the virus remains in the body, occasionally causing recurrent attacks. In some people, however, the virus remains inactive. Leukoplakia has the appearance of a whitish thick plate on the inside of the cheek, gums or tongue. It is often associated with smoking and chewing snuff, although other causes may be ill-fitting dentures, broken teeth and chewing on one’s cheek. Since 5% of cases of leukoplakia cancer becomes, the dentist will perform a biopsy. Leukoplakia often heals when snuff.
Candidiasis – thrush – is a fungal infection caused by candida albicans (a yeast). It is recognized by the creamy, yellowish or reddish appearing on the moist surfaces of the mouth. The tissues found beneath the plate can hurt. Oral fungal infection most often occurs in those using dentures, newborns, those debilitated by disease and people whose immune system is not working properly. Those who suffer from dry mouth, you are taking or have just completed antibiotic treatment, are also susceptible. How irritations and oral lesions treated? Treatment varies depending on the type of disorder you have. For the most common types of mouth sores and disorders, described above, treatment is as follows: Thrush – canker sores usually heal after 7 to 10 days, although recurrent outbreaks are common. The counter topical ointments and pain relievers provide temporary relief. The antimicrobial mouthwash use helps reduce irritation. Sometimes, antibiotics are prescribed to reduce secondary infection. Cold Sores – the blisters usually heal in about a week.
Since herpes infections have no cure, the blisters may reoccur during times of emotional upset, exposure to sunlight, allergies or fever. The counter topical anesthetics can provide temporary relief. Prescription antiviral drugs may reduce these kinds of viral infections. Consult your doctor or dentist about it. Leukoplakia – treatment begins by removing the factors causing the lesions. For some patients, this means quitting smoking or chewing snuff. For others, it means removing ill-fitting dentures and replacing them with others that fit properly. Your dentist will monitor your condition, examining the lesion at intervals of three or six months depending on the type, location and size of it. Candidiasis – treatment consists of controlling the conditions that cause the outbreaks. Cleaning of dentures is important to prevent problems induced by them. Is Removing dentures at night. If the cause is the use of antibiotics or oral contraceptives, you may need to reduce the dose or changing the treatment. Saliva substitutes are available to treat dry mouth.
When the underlying cause is unavoidable or incurable, you can use antifungal medications. Good oral hygiene is essential.