By Elizabeth Araujo / National / Venezuela 09/10/2013 | 10: 22 a. m. Maria Gabriela finally decides to go to the gynecologist. 23 years old and with a somewhat intense sexual activity, he does not believe that inflammation in the vulva, burning urination, itching and annoying vaginal discharge, partner with your evenings secretly with Luis, her first boyfriend and fellow college. But once the specialist examines he ensures that young unwittingly has pulled the trigger of genital herpes. “Sexually transmitted diseases are a kind of Russian roulette in which young people generally lose misinformed about sex,” says Blanca de Molina, a gynecologist and mother of two teenage girls. Curricular enough data to know, as he repeats his daughters, that prevention is a free, infallible and without side effects pill. A Maria Gabriela lacks some blood tests done to be sure that it will enter the statistics of young Venezuelans (approximately 30%) between 13 and 25 years old who have a sexually transmitted infection by not using protection during sexual intercourse . An alarming figure because, as noted Molina, at that age is when those lusty boys require information and advice from both the family and the school. Sick forever. According to specialists, genital herpes is the Trojan horse of sexually transmitted diseases, for their ability to concealment and damage it causes. This is a condition caused by a virus. Transmission is from person to person through sexual contact (intercourse, oral sex, anal, rubbing genitals).
Although there are 8 types of virus, the most common are the HSV-1, associated with oral herpes, and HSV-2 genital related. The possibility of transmitting the disease even without the presence of visible lesions is difficult to predict, but there are women with cervical lesions or men with intraurethral lesions that are transmitters. About 70% of new cases of herpes are transmitted by asymptomatic persons at the time of infecting partner. The lesions appear as blisters, two weeks after infection and usually appear as if flu: headache, fatigue, joint pain, fever and discomfort in lower back. Often the inguinal lymph nodes to swell. In some people especially women and if there are injuries labia majora and / or lower, there may be burning and painful urination, vaginal discharge and itching. There are certain favorable circumstances for the virus, such as frequent exposure to sunlight, stress, immune suppression or skin trauma, which allow herpes is reactivated and then migrate to the skin. When the disease enters the body staying at the sensory nerve endings, circulating through them to the neural ganglia. Then it is dormant. Molina regrets that, due to lack of information, the patient almost always go in late, when the initial lesions tend to break and join with each other, forming ulcers or sores in the affected area. Women are more affected by genital herpes than men. For every 10 cases of 6 to 7 are women. Although varies by age usually occurs in people who begin sexual relations earlier (between 12 and 18 years).
An additional danger because it is the golden age of reproductive age. Prevention. Molina advised whenever examining a teenager the only infallible for sexually transmitted infections is prevention pill, resulting in safer sex and relationships with a fixed partner. Although it is almost impossible in these times, the specialist insists that it should advise adolescents to retard “the first time” until the moment they decide to establish a stable relationship. If the member of a couple has presented the disease, it is advisable to see a doctor to guide them both. “Please note that the diagnosis of genital herpes is not the end of sexual life,” says Molina, suggesting pregnant not make love without a condom, in order to avoid any infection. If a person has active herpes lesions better avoid intimacy. All human beings should use condoms to protect themselves and protect other STIs.