Buy Cornea and External Eye Disease | Reinhard, Thomas | 9783540336808 | Springer

About this book This outstanding volume in the Essentials in Ophthalmology series presents Recent Developments in the diagnosis and treatment of corneal disease. Its intention is not to replace the Relevant textbooks, but to serve as a bridge Between primary and tertiary literature. This well-structured volume covers the following main topics: Herpes simplex keratitis. -Amniotic Membrane transplantation for the treatment of corneal ulceration in infectious keratitis. -Chlamydial Infection. -Chronic Blepharitis. -New On the pathogenesis of aspects conjunctival melanoma. -Confocal Microscopy of malignant tumors of the ocular surface. -Management Of ocular mucous membrane pemphigoid. Corneal dystrophies -Classification of molecular genetic basis on. -Phototherapeutic Keratectomy in corneal dystrophies. -Fuchs Endothelial dystrophy.

-The Topical nerve growth factor in the treatment of severe surface disorders. -The Intracorneal ring for penetrating keratoplasty. -Developments In corneal preservation. -Corneal Substitutes for transplantation. All topics Have direct clinical Importance and ophthalmologists will not only keep up to date, but will inform them of how to treat corneal Their Patients With optimal diagnostic and therapeutic Procedures. Written for: Ophthalmologists in clinical and private practice, residents, ophthalmologists-in-training, optometrists, and ophthalmic nurses Keywords: Conjunctival Chlamydial infection Corneal dystrophies melanoma Corneal Limbal stem cell deficiency preservation Table of contents From the contents Developments in corneal preservation. – Chlamydial infection as an STD in the phototherapeutic keratectomy Industrialized WORLD. – in corneal dystrophies.

– Therapeutic approach in chronic blepharoconjunctivitis. – New therapeutic strategies in limbal stem cell deficiency. – New Aspects in pathogenesis of malignant conjunctival melanoma. – Classification of corneal dystrophies on a molecular genetic basis.

Dog diseases that should not be routinely vaccinated

All information on the topics Barfen \x26amp; vaccinate dogs, cats and other pets are also available without JavaScript. However, this does not apply to the custom search! Search in veterinary practice for diet: ► vaccines Single vaccines and combination vaccines (Click image for details) 9. Vaccination – No: diseases, against which should not be routinely vaccinated Given the potential risks (see Section I – intolerance of vaccinations) vaccination should be carried out the following vaccinations either not (Lyme disease) or only in critical situations (eg high infection pressure. ). Of course, here the individual life situation, the age and history of a dog in the consideration of the benefits and risks of vaccination consideration must find. disease | Kennel cough complex | herpes | leptospirosis | rabies ticks

With the possibility of tick infestation should examine their pet for the prevention of Lyme disease daily for ticks Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi): Bacterial disease (spirochete) that is transmitted by ticks. Probably most infections are asymptomatic. This is assumed because in many areas dogs were tested by screening the blood as disease-positive, even though they showed no symptoms. The typical symptoms are fever, lameness, swelling of one or more joints, muscles or spine. Vaccination is highly controversial because often vaccination reactions occur, and it is therefore not recommended. Many dogs suffer by vaccination at corresponding symptoms of Lyme disease. For prevention, it is better to investigate the dog daily for ticks. Removal of ticks within the first 24 hours prevents Borrelia transmission largely. In addition, a sufficient protection against ticks should be made. Kennel Cough Complex: It is an infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract, whose development several viruses and bacteria occasionally involved.

The 3 most important pathogens: Parainfluenza viruses Herpesviruses and Bordetellabakterien which occur in Central Europe And there are also many other exciting causally involved. The virus types involved are different from country to country, from outbreak to outbreak and depend on the type of dog attitude (individual housing, mass entertainment) from. When kennel cough is usually not a life-threatening disease, but a common cold in the dog. Infection occurs via droplet infection, especially of animals, who have no signs of illness. The symptoms are dry, partly troublesome cough. The dogs choke sometimes ad nauseam, because they have the feeling of a foreign body would be stuck in the throat. In most cases, it comes within 14 days to a spontaneous healing. In very severe progression with, for example, additional bacterial (usually Bordetella bronchiseptica) or viral infection (reovirus, canine adenovirus2, human influenza virus, canine herpesvirus), the animal can be helped with medication. Here are homeopathic medicines that boost the body’s defenses proved very successful.

Antibiotics are usually not very successful, since viruses do not it is recognized. The vaccine provides only a very inadequate protection. This means that many dogs can, despite vaccination, kennel cough, in a possibly milder form get. Vaccination is recommended for most highly exposed animals (shelter). Parainfluenza 2 virus: The causative agent is a paramyxovirus. Single infections with this virus only cause a mild disease of the upper respiratory tract, or go without clinical symptoms over. Only in connection with the infection of other bacteria or resistance-reducing factors (poor hygiene or stress, poor nutritional status, weak offspring) can lead to a more severe course in which fever may occur. Virus can be excreted to the 8th day of illness of the dog. Herpesviruses: The herpes viruses are among the most involved viruses of kennel cough complex in dogs. In this disease, they can exacerbate symptoms. compromised herpes viruses are especially 2-3 weeks old puppies, when these are subjected to hypothermia.

In this age can not be vaccinated. It can cause diarrhea, vomiting, cough and other symptoms. The responsibility for housing conditions and thus the provision accordingly is in this period with the breeder. Other areas of the body can be affected by herpes viruses. In pregnant females, for example, can lead to death of the puppy an acute infection during this period. But the mother animal is frequently no symptoms. The next time you throw the puppies are protected by the maternal immune cells. When repeatedly occur herpes problems in a herd, the breeding conditions should be verified. Bordetella bronchiseptica bacteria: These bacteria can be secondary pathogens in kennel cough complex or even with the distemper of the dog. This means that the bacteria can colonize the upper respiratory tract after the mucosa have been previously damaged by viruses. The bacteria worsen the symptoms. Inoculations were often of questionable value.

Leptospirosis (Stuttgart dog disease, Leptospira canicula): It is a bacterial infection in dogs. There are very many genera (= serotypes) of these bacteria. Against two of them can be vaccinated. Against diseases caused by other serotypes vaccination not protect. The years of vaccination of our dogs has however led to a shift of disease occurring. The most common disease-causing serotypes are now those against whom can not be vaccinated. These serotypes produce a more severe disease than the originally responsible serotypes. The classic disease against which is vaccinated, often passes unnoticed or without typical symptoms, with rapidly transient weakness and disturbance of the general condition. But it is also an acute and severe or rare fatal course be observed with typical organ symptoms. The organ damage that occur are caused by the toxin of the bacteria. This leads to serious systemic disorders, diarrhea, vomiting, blood vessel damage, rare paralysis, pericarditis, photophobia, blurred vision and pneumonia. In a chronic course, the kidneys and liver often remain permanently damaged.

It affects mostly young, weakened or unvaccinated animals. The vaccination is to protect only about 6-12 months, why should actually be used accordingly often vaccinated. However, since the protection is only against two serotypes and these are now rare in relation to the other serotypes responsible for leptospirosis, the value of vaccination is somewhat questionable. For this reason, I recommend a compromise between a vaccination in 3-year cycle and an effort to create good posture and social conditions to promote the robustness of animals. Rabies (rhabdovirus): Rabies is an almost always fatal viral disease, are at the symptoms such as personality changes (aggression, urge Hiking, restlessness, biting of objects) typically with drooling. But atypical history forms before coming and make diagnosis more difficult. This disease can be transmitted to humans and then extend also fatal. In case of suspected rabies treatment of an animal, no attempt should be made in unvaccinated animals. The suspicion must be reported to the Office and the unvaccinated animals are killed. The rabies vaccination is in principle only necessary if animals (dogs / cats) are to be taken abroad with (entry requirements). Germany is since April 2008 as a rabies-free, therefore no direct risk of infection by foxes longer exists. This fact is the result of an extensive vaccination campaign of foxes.

In African countries, South America, India and Southeast Asia, but also in Eastern Europe and Turkey rabies is, however, still common among feral animals. In Northern Germany spreads in recent years, bat rabies from. These viruses are closely related to the classical pathogens which can be transmitted by a bite to humans. How great is the risk of a bat bite, everyone should decide for themselves. For the first vaccination, the dog must be at least 3 months as better 6 months. Vaccination should be made possible as a single vaccination. Before coming to Norway and Sweden have a blood test is required which can prove an adequate rabies. This required rabies (so-called rabies titer = amount of immune cells against rabies virus in the blood) is not achieved after vaccination with multiple vaccines often. A booster with a single vaccine achieved a better detectable rabies titers. If the dog is to be taken abroad with the country’s own regulations must be observed. Please inquire in good time about the current requirements. Entry Requirements dogs, cats and ferrets to Norway vaccination generally

Intolerance of vaccinations alternative vaccination practices Advice and information Vaccination puppies Vaccination puppies Vaccination scheme adult dogs Vaccination – yes: Description of the disease, should be vaccinated against the Seeding – No: Description of the diseases against which should not be routinely vaccinated

Frozen’s Corner

yes, I am tormented. I have a cold well so far survived, I get cold sores. Or if I was once on a funfair and the glasses were not rinsed properly, or I am disgusted before anything, I get cold sores. This I really want any. They itch, burn and do even hurt. See awful and uncomfortable. If I already noticed that on my lips looming thing, I get half Kriese. I also have quite a bit invested in money and time. much easier, much help. But I must confess that I am with some remedies also very dissatisfied. Especially those who literally drag me the money out of his pants. The pharmacy makes profits and my purse makes significant loss. I myself am angry then mostly so that I then still need ne Aspirin.

Everything a nasty tactics of the manufacturer. no – kidding . . . it’s really not easy to find the means, which helps one or just the pain breastfeeding something. But I am far better get along with home remedies for herpes, as the super expensive ointment that know the most, which also thus rum toil need. There are in addition to the cold sore that I get unfortunately now and then a few other forms of herpes. Genital herpes and shingles among them. Yes, the shingles caused by herpes viruses. Stress also promotes the formation of cold sores. Therefore usually you get the shingles in stressful situations. Some know exactly what I’m talking and me doing the unspeakable suffering. Against Genital Herpes protect myself most with abstinence.

If this is not possible, you should use condoms. The one should always always use when changing partners, since there are many other diseases that can be contracted through carelessness. Luckily I have that God may be made thanks to no acquaintance and can really do without it. My home remedies for cold sores is lemon balm. The help very well. Put some tincture on the spot on the lip helps quite fast and easy. Or toothpaste. Did I also tried and helps quite well. One must, however, be used right at the beginning of the outbreak. There are many different remedies. I’m really very well with home remedies. Only I have to give attention to the smallest signs, so that I can immediately begin treatment. There is also an electric lipstick and also paving the lip.

The I have not tried yet but the next season I will take the time to attack. Do you also have problems with it? If so, what are because your tips and tricks? your Frozen

Homeopathy: practice Beatrice Stutz-Laemmli, Adligenswil (Lucerne, Switzerland)

stomatitis  see also: Candida albicans, fever blisters, herpes, thrush Oral mucositis is manifested by pain, swelling, redness, burning, itching, ulceration, bleeding, rashes, bad breath or salivating. causes Weakened general condition, immune deficiency Poor oral hygiene (as in dentures, braces, bedridden) Poorly fitting dentures Allergies (for example, foods, cosmetics, etc. ) amalgam issue herpes Yeast (Candida albicans) Medications (for example, antibiotics)

Vitamin deficiency (V. A. Vitamins A, B and C), often caused by intestinal fungi, chronic diarrhea, drugs iron deficiency stress aphthous Aphthous ulcers are small whitish, surrounded by a red halo mucous patches, they occur sporadically or in groups. They are very painful. Thrush (Mundschwämmchen) Thrush is a collective term for infectious diseases, which (usually yeast) are caused by fungi. Most children are affected. Thrush often occurs with fever, gastrointestinal complaints. Through an immune deficiency may disturb the natural acid mantle of the mucous membranes and cause severe internal infections in the body.

symptoms Small, lentil whitish spots on the mucosa. The flooring looks like curdled milk or yogurt, it is wiped off. When wiping it may bleed easily. Befallen are mostly lips, tongue and the palate. From the oral mucosa, the fungal infection can, however, spread to the esophagus, urethra, bladder, vagina, with babies on the buttocks (as diaper rash).  see also diaper rash Mouth ulcers (aphthous stomatitis) see also under cold sore further in the text Trench mouth comes V. A. to infants less than 10 months and young children, it affects the oral mucosa and gums. Infection occurs via the saliva.

If a parent suffering from herpes, neither the soother (pacifier) ​​nor the chyme-spoon of the child should be placed in the mouth. reason The originator is the herpes simplex virus. On first occurrence in childhood it comes to the typical mouth rot, later cold sores can occur at other locations. symptoms Usually the mouth rot begins with a high fever (up to 5 days). The child refuses food because the small bubbles (oral mucosa, palate, gums, lips) are very painful. There is strong salivation. The gums are usually swollen, is crimson, the neck, the lymph nodes are swollen. A sour bad breath is very typical of the disease. After about a week, the blisters dry up and the sores heal (only now the child is no longer contagious). The virus can be transmitted like herpes on the eyes and there damage the cornea, it can also lead to a herpes encephalitis (infection of the brain). medicine

The virus treatment is not possible, it will be treated symptomatically (fever, local pain relief with gel). Tips Because of the pain the children refuse food and drinking. In infants, therefore, great care must be taken to prevent them from drying out (V. A. if they still have a fever). Everything acid should be avoided, as dry, hard foods! Cool drinks offer (in older children you can also offer ice cubes to suck) Ice cream (ice cream), pudding, soft foods (facilitate ingestion) Cold Sore As with the mouth rot play herpesviruses a role, they produce painful cold sores on the lips, tongue or mucous membranes (herpes labialis). The disease is highly infectious and can by touching, kissing (or intercourse = genital herpes) are passed. With weak immune system by a serious illness (for example, pneumonia, or after a surgical intervention) are at increased risk for the spread of the herpes infection on larger areas of the skin or to the meninges.

Anyone who has had cold sores, she often gets under the right circumstances again. Particularly at risk are people with a weakened immune system. Children can be infected at birth from the mother. In patients in whom the immune system is weakened by serious diseases, there is an increased risk of spread to larger areas of the skin or a scattering in the eye (risk of corneal inflammation) or in the meninges. causes The herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) causes blisters on the lips, tongue or oral mucosa. With Herpes is already infected mostly in childhood, usually the disease is there but no complaints. Once infected may Herpes erupt again. The following factors can activate herpes viruses: Sunlight, Solarium dental visit Fever, colds, flu Immunodeficiency e.

g. serious illness, after surgery or in mental illness. stress Disgust; Anxiety; psychological problems Allergies (for example, foods, cosmetics, metals) vaccinations amalgam issue Hormonal changes (for example, monthly cycle; pill / IUS; pregnancy; after birth; menopause) Injuries (they are pure stress) Serious illnesses Oral herpes can occur once, then rest for years, but it can also occur on a monthly basis (for example, in connection with menstruation). The accumulation is genetic, but also the living conditions play a major role. symptoms

First, start the skin site (usually it is the upper or lower lip) to tingling, burning, pulling. Later it begins to itch, are formed water-filled blisters, either individually or in groups standing. This open and emptied, it is then to yellow, sometimes bloody crusting. Fever, swollen lymph nodes and malaise can happen. Night ten days subside the symptoms. The bubbles can also occur elsewhere on the body, for example, Nose, eyes, genitals, buttocks (children), etc. Orthodox medical treatment A cure (medicine sees) there is not, it can always come back to renewed outbreaks. There are alleviated the symptoms (pain, fever, inflammation), antiviral ointments shorten the course a little. Tips from naturopathy Make sure that does not take place a lubricating transmission (via finger in the eye). Separate towel use (the other family members are otherwise infected). Do you use an infant, separate eating utensils.

In infants during illness the soother (pacifier) ​​boil daily, this repeatedly dive daily in sage tea. Hot od. Avoid acidic food, no citrus! Frequent hand washing! Do not use contact lenses At the first signs: press ice cubes in the handkerchief on the spot Dabbing with alcohol solution Swabbing Rescue Drops (Rescue Remedy Bach flower); Calendula od melissa ointment. Melissentinktur; diluted tea tree oil or undiluted Caution: Do not use during a homeopathic constitutional treatment, it may interfere with the therapy Promote healing: Dab with homeopathic wound tincture or Echinacea tincture; Black tea, sage tea, or lemon balm tea (tannin promote drying)

Apply little honey on the lip; Propolissalbe St. John’s wort (also acts analgesic) Chamomile, calendula or banal soap (relieve the itching) Mouthwashes with chamomile od Ringelblumentinktur. 10 drops to 1 tablespoon water Mouth several times a day with sage, thyme od rinse. Soak Nuggi in sage tea Strengthening the immune system: Treatment Homeopathy In an acute treatment occurs within hours, a strong decrease in the complaints. After that there is a constitutional treatment as the general condition must be treated here. From the viewpoint of homeopathy herpes can only be cured when the life force is in balance.

Herpes is an important miasmatic symptoms in homeopathy. Homeopathic medicines are used to encourage this self-healing. The frequency and severity of individual episodes can be influenced as low. For homeopathic self-treatment is not suitable (leads to suppression).