With the possibility of tick infestation should examine their pet for the prevention of Lyme disease daily for ticks Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi): Bacterial disease (spirochete) that is transmitted by ticks. Probably most infections are asymptomatic. This is assumed because in many areas dogs were tested by screening the blood as disease-positive, even though they showed no symptoms. The typical symptoms are fever, lameness, swelling of one or more joints, muscles or spine. Vaccination is highly controversial because often vaccination reactions occur, and it is therefore not recommended. Many dogs suffer by vaccination at corresponding symptoms of Lyme disease. For prevention, it is better to investigate the dog daily for ticks. Removal of ticks within the first 24 hours prevents Borrelia transmission largely. In addition, a sufficient protection against ticks should be made. Kennel Cough Complex: It is an infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract, whose development several viruses and bacteria occasionally involved.
The 3 most important pathogens: Parainfluenza viruses Herpesviruses and Bordetellabakterien which occur in Central Europe And there are also many other exciting causally involved. The virus types involved are different from country to country, from outbreak to outbreak and depend on the type of dog attitude (individual housing, mass entertainment) from. When kennel cough is usually not a life-threatening disease, but a common cold in the dog. Infection occurs via droplet infection, especially of animals, who have no signs of illness. The symptoms are dry, partly troublesome cough. The dogs choke sometimes ad nauseam, because they have the feeling of a foreign body would be stuck in the throat. In most cases, it comes within 14 days to a spontaneous healing. In very severe progression with, for example, additional bacterial (usually Bordetella bronchiseptica) or viral infection (reovirus, canine adenovirus2, human influenza virus, canine herpesvirus), the animal can be helped with medication. Here are homeopathic medicines that boost the body’s defenses proved very successful.
Antibiotics are usually not very successful, since viruses do not it is recognized. The vaccine provides only a very inadequate protection. This means that many dogs can, despite vaccination, kennel cough, in a possibly milder form get. Vaccination is recommended for most highly exposed animals (shelter). Parainfluenza 2 virus: The causative agent is a paramyxovirus. Single infections with this virus only cause a mild disease of the upper respiratory tract, or go without clinical symptoms over. Only in connection with the infection of other bacteria or resistance-reducing factors (poor hygiene or stress, poor nutritional status, weak offspring) can lead to a more severe course in which fever may occur. Virus can be excreted to the 8th day of illness of the dog. Herpesviruses: The herpes viruses are among the most involved viruses of kennel cough complex in dogs. In this disease, they can exacerbate symptoms. compromised herpes viruses are especially 2-3 weeks old puppies, when these are subjected to hypothermia.
In this age can not be vaccinated. It can cause diarrhea, vomiting, cough and other symptoms. The responsibility for housing conditions and thus the provision accordingly is in this period with the breeder. Other areas of the body can be affected by herpes viruses. In pregnant females, for example, can lead to death of the puppy an acute infection during this period. But the mother animal is frequently no symptoms. The next time you throw the puppies are protected by the maternal immune cells. When repeatedly occur herpes problems in a herd, the breeding conditions should be verified. Bordetella bronchiseptica bacteria: These bacteria can be secondary pathogens in kennel cough complex or even with the distemper of the dog. This means that the bacteria can colonize the upper respiratory tract after the mucosa have been previously damaged by viruses. The bacteria worsen the symptoms. Inoculations were often of questionable value.
Leptospirosis (Stuttgart dog disease, Leptospira canicula): It is a bacterial infection in dogs. There are very many genera (= serotypes) of these bacteria. Against two of them can be vaccinated. Against diseases caused by other serotypes vaccination not protect. The years of vaccination of our dogs has however led to a shift of disease occurring. The most common disease-causing serotypes are now those against whom can not be vaccinated. These serotypes produce a more severe disease than the originally responsible serotypes. The classic disease against which is vaccinated, often passes unnoticed or without typical symptoms, with rapidly transient weakness and disturbance of the general condition. But it is also an acute and severe or rare fatal course be observed with typical organ symptoms. The organ damage that occur are caused by the toxin of the bacteria. This leads to serious systemic disorders, diarrhea, vomiting, blood vessel damage, rare paralysis, pericarditis, photophobia, blurred vision and pneumonia. In a chronic course, the kidneys and liver often remain permanently damaged.
It affects mostly young, weakened or unvaccinated animals. The vaccination is to protect only about 6-12 months, why should actually be used accordingly often vaccinated. However, since the protection is only against two serotypes and these are now rare in relation to the other serotypes responsible for leptospirosis, the value of vaccination is somewhat questionable. For this reason, I recommend a compromise between a vaccination in 3-year cycle and an effort to create good posture and social conditions to promote the robustness of animals. Rabies (rhabdovirus): Rabies is an almost always fatal viral disease, are at the symptoms such as personality changes (aggression, urge Hiking, restlessness, biting of objects) typically with drooling. But atypical history forms before coming and make diagnosis more difficult. This disease can be transmitted to humans and then extend also fatal. In case of suspected rabies treatment of an animal, no attempt should be made in unvaccinated animals. The suspicion must be reported to the Office and the unvaccinated animals are killed. The rabies vaccination is in principle only necessary if animals (dogs / cats) are to be taken abroad with (entry requirements). Germany is since April 2008 as a rabies-free, therefore no direct risk of infection by foxes longer exists. This fact is the result of an extensive vaccination campaign of foxes.
In African countries, South America, India and Southeast Asia, but also in Eastern Europe and Turkey rabies is, however, still common among feral animals. In Northern Germany spreads in recent years, bat rabies from. These viruses are closely related to the classical pathogens which can be transmitted by a bite to humans. How great is the risk of a bat bite, everyone should decide for themselves. For the first vaccination, the dog must be at least 3 months as better 6 months. Vaccination should be made possible as a single vaccination. Before coming to Norway and Sweden have a blood test is required which can prove an adequate rabies. This required rabies (so-called rabies titer = amount of immune cells against rabies virus in the blood) is not achieved after vaccination with multiple vaccines often. A booster with a single vaccine achieved a better detectable rabies titers. If the dog is to be taken abroad with the country’s own regulations must be observed. Please inquire in good time about the current requirements. Entry Requirements dogs, cats and ferrets to Norway vaccination generally
Intolerance of vaccinations alternative vaccination practices Advice and information Vaccination puppies Vaccination puppies Vaccination scheme adult dogs Vaccination – yes: Description of the disease, should be vaccinated against the Seeding – No: Description of the diseases against which should not be routinely vaccinated