Aphthous ulcers occur in the interior of the mouth and can take various forms. The aphthous stomatitis designates a specific ulcer in the mouth, which is very painful. This disease can individuals of different age ranges infested infested children to Erwachsenen. Die spaces lips, the insides of the cheeks and tongue. In some cases, the disease can also spread to the upper regions of the throat. Aphthous stomatitis or stomatitis Herpetic The herpetic stomatitis (or herpes labialis) is a disorder of the oral cavity, which develops after an infection of the mouth, in the form vesicles. It is the result of a herpes virus that resembles the varicella These bubbles can burst and cause a severe local pain. The aphthous stomatitis caused by various factors of a viral infection. Types of mouth ulcers The classification of these wounds in the mouth based on the intensity and size of the lesions. Aphthous ulcers from minor type
These mouth ulcers are relatively common and have a size of 3 to 10 mm. For their healing they need about 2 weeks. Aphthous ulcers of the type major (Sutton-type) They infest cheeks, tongue and lips and are mainly in children who have finished puberty. This type has a size greater than 10 mm and is ill-defined. After their healing they generally leave scars. herpetiform ulcers This is a severe form of ulcer that forms in groups and generally relate to women after the age of 18. They can be very painful. Causes of mouth ulcers The exact reasons why form aphthous ulcers, are unclear, although scientists suspect that a combination of factors for the occurrence of such stoves is present. Possible triggers of aphthous ulcers: 1.
A trivial trauma in the mouth, caused by a dental procedure to hard tooth brushing, sports injuries, eating spicy and sour foods (vinegar and lemon) or accidental biting the cheek; 2. toothpastes and mouthwashes, which contain sodium lauryl sulfate; 3. food allergies, especially in chocolate, coffee, strawberries, eggs, nuts, cheese and very sour foods such as pineapple; 4. Lack of vitamins (eg, vitamin B3 or B12), zinc, folic acid or iron; 5. Allergic reaction to certain bacteria in the mouth; 6. Helicobacter pylori, those bacteria that also cause stomach ulcers; 7. hormonal fluctuations during the menstrual cycle;
8. Emotional stress; 9. substances contained in drugs for chemotherapy. Aphthous ulcers may arise, such as, for example, due to various diseases: 1. celiac disease, a severe intestinal disease due to an intolerance to gluten, a protein that is found in most grains; 2. Inflammatory intestinal diseases such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis; 3. Behçet, a rare disease that causes inflammation throughout the body, including the mouth; 4. A faulty immune system, healthy cells in the mouth instead of pathogens such as viruses or bacteria attacks;
5. HIV / AIDS, which suppresses the immune system; 6. Unlike the herpes labialis aphthous ulcers are not caused by infection with herpes viruses. What are the symptoms of mouth ulcers? Aphthous ulcers are painful sores in the mouth, on the cheeks and lips, on the tongue, the gums and palate. Most frequent symptoms of aphthous ulcers are: 1. Burning in mouth or up to 24 hours continued itching before the appearance of the wound. 2. ulcers that knows are gray or yellow and have a red rim. 3. It comes to throat pain when the aphthae are in this area.
4. Painful sores in the mouth. 5. difficulty speaking, eating and swallowing. Less common symptoms that may also indicate a possibly serious infection: 1. fever 2. Enlarged lymph nodes 3. tongue swelling. Seek medical if aphthous ulcers: 1.
are larger than usual; 2. diffuse occur; 3. more than 3 weeks are made; 4. cause severe pain even after the application of nonprescription painkillers; 5. prepare difficulty drinking enough liquid to be adequately hydrated; 6. are accompanied by fever. Are mouth ulcers are the same as the bubbles when cold sores? No, mouth ulcers are anything but the bubbles when cold sores.
Aphthous ulcers form inside the mouth and are not contagious. Herpes sores are infections caused by the herpes simplex virus, they show up only on the lips or outside the mouth and are infectious. How can one determine whether a wound is an aphthous ulcer or herpes ulcer? Herpes labialis usually develops outside the mouth, the lips, the chin or on the nostrils. Aphthous behave differently: they usually develop inside the mouth. Differential diagnosis of aphthous stomatitis Various other diseases can cause mouth ulcers, for example, stomach ulcers and oropharyngeal alterations. Physicians should then charge a differential diagnosis to rule out that the patient reported symptoms do not affect these pathological disorders. Treatment of mouth ulcers and tongue drugs If the ulcers are painful, the doctor may prescribe a medication to relieve the symptoms. It is important to pay attention during pregnancy or lactation, that these drugs are not contraindicated. Antimicrobial mouthwash
The antimicrobial mouthwash helps to kill bacteria, viruses or fungi that can cause an infection in the mouth, when this is not able to brush their teeth properly. Chlorhexidine (CHX) is the most frequently prescribed mouthwash. It is usually used twice a day. steroids Steroids are drugs that reduce inflammation. Medicines for mouth ulceration contain a low dose of cortisone to relieve the pain caused by the wounds. Once a Aphthe in the mouth developed, should be initiated with a drug treatment. Hydrocortisone is the most commonly prescribed cortisone. Painkiller If the mouth ulcers are very painful in the mouth, the doctor may prescribe a pain reliever that is applied directly to the ulcer. The doctor prescribes usually benzydamine (TANTUM Verde®), which must not be administered in the form of a mouthwash or sprays. Benzydamine should not be used as seven consecutive days longer. The doctor may also prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs in tablet form, for example Alrheumun®.
Natural remedies from grandma’s time To relieve pain and speed the healing process: Rinse mouth. Salt water, sodium bicarbonate (baking soda 1 teaspoon in ½ cup of warm water to dissolve) or a mixture of 1 teaspoon of diphenhydramine (Benadryl) and use 1 teaspoon of Maalox. The liquid after the mouthwash spit. Several times a day the Aphthe dab a small amount of milk of magnesia. From baking soda and a little water to mix a slurry, and cover with this the aphthous ulcers. Free counter products that contain benzocaine, try to surface anesthesia. take ice in your mouth and let melt slowly on the wound. brush your teeth with a soft toothbrush and use a low-foaming toothpaste as Biotene- or Rembrandt toothpaste. Using a turmeric-mouthwash. In a cup of lukewarm water a quarter teaspoon of salt and half a teaspoon of turmeric powder mix (does not dissolve completely). A daily dietary supplement of the vitamin B100 complex occupy.
A Propolis try, which is available in pharmacies. Propolis is a propolis which produce bees to construct their hive, it has excellent antiseptic and healing properties. Deglycyrrhizinierte licorice (DGL), a Süßholzextrat, the healing effect of the mucosa has, available in health food stores and in powder form or as chewable tablets. Thus in the mouth form a Speichelbrei and apply on the aching areas. The powder of elm with water to a pulp mix; alternatively suck tablets elm, which can be bought in grocery stores and pharmacies. Local application with alum powder directly on the mouth ulcer. This product is available in pharmacies. It will burn for a few minutes, but then quickly lead to a cure. Prebiotics are products that help build the bacterial flora in the digestive tract, which are also useful in the treatment of aphthous ulcers. The pain of aphthous ulcer by avoiding acidic and spicy spicy food and abrasive foods (eg nuts, which can irritate the mucous membrane) reduce as far as possible. Natural Remedies Aloe vera Mouth rinse: rinse the mouth several times a day with a little aloe vera juice.
Gel of Aloe vera or apply the juice to bring directly to the wound (obtained from the leaf inside the plant). Three times a day using 2 tablespoons of aloe vera gel. Honey and turmeric 1 teaspoon honey mix with ¼ teaspoon of turmeric and apply to the wound. Mouthwash of tea tree oil: preparing a mouthwash by adding 10 drops of tea tree oil in 1/3 cup of water. keep this mouthwash 30 seconds in the mouth, then spit it out. Tea tree oil acts as an antiseptic mouthwash and helps to prevent secondary infections and heals make the wound. One can prepare a mouthwash by dissolving ½ teaspoon salt in a cup of water. keep this mouthwash 30 seconds in the mouth, then spit it out. homeopathy The homeopathic remedies most commonly used are: 1. borax 2.
Mercurius Solubilis (mercury) 3. Nitric acid (nitric acid) 4. Sulfuricum acidum (sulfuric acid). Duration of aphthous ulcers? forecast The recurring small Stomatitisaphthen or herpes are of short duration. Proper medical treatment guarantees a good prognosis, even with large mouth ulcers. The disease is not chronic, provided it is not a result of an inflammatory pathology of the digestive tract or relates to the Behçet syndrome. Small ulcers heal in about 10-14 days, but the herpes sores can also consist a month before they pass away. prevention The prevention of aphthous aims to avoid abrasive, acidic and spicy foods that cause pain and other irritations.
Dried fruits such as walnuts and artificial sugar (contained in desserts) can favor relapses.