Veterinary vision

WATERFALLS October 13, 2007 Leave a comment Veterinary Vision WATERFALLS The lens is transparent in normal conditions, when this transparency is lost and opacities say there appear cataracts. Cataracts do not allow normal passage of light to the retina and can not be “translate” the images in the brain as impulses that reach him were incorrect. If we look at our pet front will see the center of the iris, where the pupil is located (in black under normal conditions) white (larger or smaller depending on the intensity of light or the severity of the process) . Do not confuse the sclerotic cataract lens, normal in older dogs without clinical significance. Cataracts logically leads to blindness or reduced vision in the affected eye (depending on the state in which you are). Many animals are blind without the owner being aware of it, this happens because the animals are handled very well in familiar environments and with the help of smell, touch and hearing, as these animals out of their environment show great confusion and struck with the objects around them. Other consequences occur: – Facolítica Uveitis occurs in very mature cataract (Hypermature) due to its large size causes “out” of material from the lens into the eye, this material is very inflammatory and results in intraocular inflammation, is a dangerous process. – Glaucoma is an increase in intraocular pressure and may be due to facolítica or to secondary processes such as dislocations lens (the lens is clear from its usual location) uveitis, this process is very dangerous, sometimes causing increased eyeball and loss. There are many reasons why a cataract may appear: hereditary, metabolic, inlflamatorias, traumatic, perforated ulcers, toxic, etc .

. . Symptoms and characteristics: – Loss of vision – Change color of the pupil (white) – Dilated pupil – Sometimes red eye secondary to inflammation associated – Uveitis, glaucoma or hypertensive uveitis (in some cases) – Loss of natural lens position (dislocation) in some cases Forecast: Generally good if no associated ocular or systemic diseases. If retinal problems can be eliminated to avoid secondary cataract vision problems but will be very relaxed or destroyed due to the main problem in the retina. Usually a problem of geriatric animals so surgery must be well planned to avoid problems in anesthesia and surgery (heart, kidney, eye and existing)

Postsurgical complications depend on the general condition of the animal, as well as the character of our pet (very nervous dogs are more prone to problems) Treatment: Treatment is always surgical, eliminating the clouding of the lens. Medical treatment is applied before and after surgery, in most cases for life. Not all cataracts are operable not all dogs are candidates for this surgery, to do an independent study of each case to tailor treatment R. R. UDIZ INTERESTING LINKS ON FALLS http://www. infomascota. com/articulos/veterinaria/perros/2003/12/3/vet_cataratas/ http://www.

vetcontact. com/es/art. php? a=52\x26amp;t= http://www. foyel. com/cartillas/53/cataratas_en_perros_y_gatos. html CATARACT SURGERY: Phacoemulsificator IMPORTANT NOTE: This video may offend the sensibilities of some people [Embedded content] Optivet (Video posted on YouTube) Categories: FALLS

corneal ulcers October 12, 2007 Veterinary Vision 2 reviews Corneal Ulcers Ulcers are “wounds” of the cornea. There are several types of ulcers and may be caused by many entities. symptoms: – Eye pain (blepharospasm, the affected eye closed or habre with difficulty), pain is greater in shallow ulcers, however deep ulcers are less painful (but more dangerous ! ! ) – Red eye – Blue Cornea (corneal edema) – Corneal damage can sometimes be seen with the naked eye, but for diagnosis requires the use of vital dyes such as fluorescein. – General discomfort

– self-trauma Types of ulcers: – Superficial: Affecting the surface area of ​​the cornea and are extremely painful. They can be very extensive but the prognosis is usually good. Scarring is usually rapid under normal conditions in about 4 days there reepithelialization area. Certain animals have problems in healing such as the Boxer, these animals suffer known as indolent ulcers, that are slow to heal and even surgical assistance needed for this. There are more races with this type of ulcer. Do not confuse indolent ulcers with ulcers that do not heal, there is always to look for the root cause such as eyelashes or hairs that enter the eye (trichiasis) ectopic eyelashes (distriquiasis), ectopic cilia, entropion or ectropion, etc . . . – Deep: The next step of surface corneal ulceration is deepening. In these cases the prognosis is serious because of the possibility of perforation of the eyeball. All of them require surgical treatment and correction of the underlying cause.

This type of ulcer is less painful than superficial ulceration but is much more serious. Causes: – Injuries: either self-produced or by external agents (bumps, scratches, chemicals, foreign bodies, etc . . . ) – Eyelid Problems (entropion, ectropion, trichiasis, distriquiasis, ectopic cilia, tumors, etc . . . ) – Infeciones viral, bacterial or fungal – Secondary to other diseases such as corneal problems underlying deficiency tear, proptosis bulbi, buphthalmia (increased eyeball), etc . .

. Treatment: – Medical: instillation of eye drops to relieve pain, prevent secondary infections and promote corneal scarring. you should always try the main problem, for example, if we tear deficit establish medical treatment, and resort to surgery if necessary, such as in the presence of entropion, etc . . . – Surgical: superficial ulcers complicated, very large or beginning to deepen must undergo surgery. Deep ulcers are always operating room. Surgical possibilities are varied and depend on each animal (nictitans flaps, conjunctival flaps . . . ) Forecast:

It depends on the type of ulcer and its etiology. Superficial ulcers often have a favorable prognosis while deep gravity are always reserved prognosis. Corneal ulcerations IMAGES: superficial ulcers (secondary to trauma 1st and 2nd ectopic cilium) Ulcer bacterial (Pseudomonas) and viral ulcer (herpesvirus) deep corneal ulcers (descematoceles) R. R. Udiz Categories: Corneal Ulcers GLAUCOMA October 11, 2007 Leave a comment Veterinary Vision GLAUCOMA

To increased intraocular pressure above normal physiological values ​​without clinical signs known as ocular hypertension and when it is accompanied by clinical signs such as vision loss or intraocular damage is known as glaucoma. Hypertension can be pre-glaucoma step but not necessarily develop, certain animals suffering from elevated intraocular pressure and can develop long-term injuries (eg chihuahuas, yorshire . . . ). The normal intraocular pressure (IOP) in small animals is 15 to 25 mm Hg, when these values ​​are exceeded the optic nerve and / or retina is affected resulting in noticeable changes, which are detailed below. IOP greater than 30 mm Hg with clinical signs is sufficient for a presumptive diagnosis of glaucoma. Early treatment of glaucoma is essential for visual, glaucoma guarantee more than 24 hours cause irreversible effects (although there are variations according to animals affected). Often the vision is lost before the owner becomes aware of the problem, but still quick action can save the affected eye and preserve vision in the other eye. The causes of glaucoma are varied, and depends on the species: – Glaucoma in dogs can apararecer acute and usually racial. El character early treatment is vital for a good prognosis. Generally glaucoma in dogs is a bilateral entity so should study the eye that is not apparently affected.

– Feline glaucoma has a worse prognosis may be unilateral or bilateral and is usually associated with systemic infections (toxoplasma, coronavirus, immunodeficiency or leukemia). slowly progresses to become chronic, so it has sometimes happens inadevertido by the owner until the buphthalmia (enlargement of the eyeball) appears. The IOP control is more complicated than in dogs and usually ends in enucleation. – Equine Glaucoma: much less frequent than in the previous two species and is usually 4 types: primary glaucoma, congenital glaucoma secondary to anterior uveitis and secondary to neoplasia. Control of IOP in this species is particularly complicated. Predisposition: – Racial predisposition: Dogs (Huskie, Terriers, Retrievers, Cocker Spaniels, Schnauzer, Basset, Beagles, Chow Chow, Samoyed, Great Dane . . . ) Cats (Siamese and Persian) Horses (Appaloosas) – Dislocation of lens – Uveitis – Tumors

– Eye Injuries Symptoms and characteristics: The symptomatology depends on the stage of glaucoma (acute, subacute or chronic), so the owner can see is: Acute: – Eye pain (blepharospasm, eye or eyes closed) – Blue Cornea (eye color change by corneal edema) – Fixed and dilated pupil (mydriasis) – Eye very red (red sclera) – Visual Impairment – Anorexia and depression Subacute: – Eye pain (blefarsospasmo) – Blue Cornea – Blindness or visual impairment

– Deformed, fixed and dilated pupils – Very red eye – Anorexia and depression Chronic: – Variable Eye pain – Vascularization, pigment and corneal edema – Lenticular opacification – Red or very red eye – Blindness or visual impairment – Dilated pupils fixed and abnormal – Anorexia, depression, shyness or aggression – Increase the eyeball and Descemet appearance of fine lines (by species) There may be increased pressure without symptoms, this process is known as ocular hypertension and is not the same as glaucoma, hypertension can develop into glaucoma so that preventive treatment is recommended if necessary or eliminate the trigger for the same cause ( intense stress for example)

Forecast: Reserved depend on the primary cause of glaucoma, the stage in which it is located and animal species affected. The visual prognosis depends on early treatment. Treatment: The use of topical antihypertensives, oral and / or parenteral can control certain types of glaucoma, treatment is usually for life, even in a blind eye. You can resort to surgery if necessary, always associated with medical treatment. If uncontrolled glaucoma is recommended practice evisceration and intraocular prosthesis or enucleation place in certain cases. The use of protecting retina has had great results in long-term visual eyes, delaying the onset of blindness and even preventing their appearance. Acute glaucoma is an ophthalmologic emergency and requires early attention to obtain acceptable results. Early diagnosis is crucial for the maintenance of vision. In case of suspected glaucoma consult your veterinarian. R. R.

UDIZ IMAGES OF GLAUCOMA: Buphthalmia in a puppy with glaucoma in the right eye corneal edema in the right eye in an adult but with glaucoma Buphthalmia right eye in a cat post traumatic glaucoma INTERESTING LINKS ON GLAUCOMA CANINE: http://www. revistacanina. com/notas_revista/20/Glaucoma_Canino. html http://www. petsalud. cl/articulos/Glaucoma_canino.

htm Categories: GLAUCOMA FELINE HERPESVIRUS October 10, 2007 Leave a comment Veterinary Vision FELINE HERPESVIRUS / RHINOTRACHEITIS FELINA / FHV-1 The causative agent: feline herpesvirus type 1 (HVF1) is primarily responsible for respiratory and ocular manifestations large number of feline diseases. Predisposition: – Kittens or cats provenance street – Animals vaccinated with access to fresh air and contact with unknown cats – Parents of virus carriers (transmission to offspring) – Young animals with eye problems discussed and improve but reappear in adulthood (carriers) – New cat at home (carrying the virus) that infects the old cat Symptoms and characteristics:

– Sneezing – Respiratory problems – Fever – Anorexy – discomfort – Purulent crusting – Neonatal ophthalmia in young kittens (puppies do not open their eyes and are full of gummy) – Symblepharon (abnormal connections conjunctival other ocualares attached) – Synechiae (unions iris to other ocular structures) – Acute or chronic keratitis (Cornales ulcers, eosinophilic keratitis . . . )

– Corneal Kidnapping (black plate on the cornea) – Chronic tearing (red tears) Forecast: Generally good, but usually animals that remain carriers for life and may have relapses (not always with ocular symptoms) Treatment: Symptomatic with antibiotics, anti-inflammatory and antiviral. Using products that inhibit viral replication has been very successful in the long term to control the symptoms, both ocular and respiratory. It is important to understand that the disease remains latent for life and that under certain circumstances (eg stress) can be reactivated reappearing ocular symptoms and / or breathing. IMAGES OF EYE DISEASES CAUSED BY FELINE HERPESVIRUS: respiratory and eye symptoms in a kitten neonatal ophthalmia corneal kidnapping Geographical corneal ulcer

Categories: FELINE HERPESVIRUS PROLAPSE nictitating membrane gland October 8, 2007 Veterinary Vision Leave a comment PROLAPSE gland nictitating membrane Also known as cherry eye is a disease characterized by the appearance of a pink and rounded mass behind the nictitans in the medial edge of the eye, is a condition that is not painful, but something annoying about especially at the beginning, and self-trauma may occur. Predisposition: – Brachiocephalic breeds (flat faces) and English Bulldog, Pug, French Bulldog, Shitzu, Lapsa apso, shar pei, Pekinese, etc. – Generally puppies, elderly or immunocompromised animals. – May appear in cats, but is rarer than in dogs. – Animals with cartilage in the very long nictitans, everted, or important invested glandular hyperplasia immunosuppression. Symptoms and characteristics: – It usually appears first unilaterally and, in some cases, bilateral soon. – You can not give cause discomfort or apparent symptoms.

– The gland is responsible for 40% (some authors even suggest that 60%) of the total production of tears, while the prolapsed gland is practically non-functional, – It may be associated with corneal injury (depending on the elapsed time, teardrop level, self-harm, etc. ) – Yellow / greenish gummy sticky aspect may appear secondary infections deficit tear. Forecast: – They tend to respond well to surgical treatment, having a recurrence rate of about 20%. – There may be pathologies associated with cartilage nictitans predisposing to prolapse of the gland, in these cases surgical correction of this condition is necessary to prevent recurrence. – Never to be removed (only if associated tumors) and have always replenish in place under general anesthesia. – If the gland is removed keratoconjunctivitis sicca predisposes to suffer in adulthood (especially in predisposed breeds) Surgery: The gland is positioned back in place and is supported by suturing to prevent further prolapse. IMAGES: The first image corresponds to an eye with prolapse of the gland

nictitating membrane and the second the same eye after undergoing surgery to replace the gland in its normal anatomical location interesting links about prolapse of the gland of the nictitating membrane: www. veterinariaelparque. com. ar/. . . /Oftalmologia/6-Patologia%20de%20la%20membrana%20nictitante. doc http://www. petsalud.

cl/clinicas/casos_clinicos/Ojo_de_Cereza. htm Categories: PROLAPSE nictitating membrane GLAND Welcome to the website of Veterinary Ophthalmology October 7, 2007 Veterinary Vision Leave a comment Welcome to the Blog of Veterinary Ophthalmology Mrs. Raquel R. Udiz, resident in the Canary Islands, Tenerife. This space emerges in order to bring a little more this specialty to those owners who want to know more about eye disease that affects your / s pet / companion is. Gradually we will be adding clinical cases, photographs and detailing the main surgical techniques as well as resolving all those questions that emerge over time. For questions or suggestions write to e-mail: oftalmologiaveterinaria@hotmail. com

Greetings to all / as. Categories: Various Newer Entries RSS feed Categories PROGRESSIVE RETINAL ATROPHY (APR) (1) Ulcer INDOLENT (1) Corneal Ulcers (1) Horses and horses (1) Squamous CELLS IN HORSES (1) CATARACT: TALK OF SURGICAL (1) FALLS (1) DIABETIC CATARACT (1)

FALLS NOT OPERATED: COMPLICATIONS (1) BLINDNESS (1) FLAP nictitating membrane (1) Rabbits (1) Ophthalmological (DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES) (1) FACIAL descolgamiento DOGS EARS pendulous (1) DISTRIQUIASIS and ectopic cilia (1) PAIN EYE (1) ENTROPION FOLD BY FACIAL (1) ENTROPION SHAR PEI (1) ENTROPION: TALK OF SURGICAL (1) Enucleation (1) EPIPHORA CANINE: Excessive tearing (2)

ANIMAL glasses and contact lenses (1) GLAUCOMA (1) FELINE HERPESVIRUS (1) Vitamin A deficiency AQUATIC TURTLES (1) CRYSTAL dislocation and subluxation (1) MELANOSIS AND FUZZY IRIS MELANOMA FELINO (1) Neuro-ophthalmology (1) Pannus (1) Corneal DRILLING: CAT SCRATCH (1) Intraocular Prosthesis (1) PROLAPSE gland nictitating membrane (1) KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS EOSINOPHILIC FELINE (1) KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS SECA (QCS) (1)

Dermoid cyst (1) Dermoid cyst PALPEBRAL: TALK OF SURGICAL (1) Cysts uveal (1) HORNER SYNDROME (1) KIDNAPPING CORNEAL FELINO (1) Symblepharon (1) TURTLES (1) TRAUMA AND BODY EYE STRANGER (1) EYELID TUMORS (2) Uncategorized (2) Uveitis RABBITS (1) Miscellaneous (6) VIDEOS (3)

Frequent eye infections and their treatment

There are several eye infections that occur with some similar symptoms. Treatment measures depend on the cause of the infection and the severity of the disease. Table of Contents Conjunctivitis Conjunctivitis (or conjunctivitis) is the eye infection that occurs most often. An inflammation of the conjunctiva can be triggered by various factors. Thus, for example infection by viruses, bacteria or fungi can be triggered. If so, then there is a risk of infection for others. Is it in conjunctivitis but is a non-infectious disease, then there is no such risk of infection. The trigger for a non-infectious conjunctivitis can be very diverse. So come as a possible cause, for example, questioning banal environmental influences. Long working at the computer, drafts, bright light or UV rays can the conjunctiva as well as irritating fumes or cold air. Even on a transition from chlorinated pool, the conjunctiva react with inflammatory symptoms.

In addition, a pollen or house dust allergy, chickenpox and measles (teething), a damaged cornea, refractive errors, or simply the wrong glasses can lead to inflammation of the conjunctiva. The symptoms Symptoms of conjunctivitis are usually reddened, itchy, burning and watery eyes. The eyelids and conjunctiva may swell. with an infection often arises also feel as a foreign body would be located in the eye. In addition, the eyelids in the morning are often bonded by the leaked secretions. treatment options Symptoms of conjunctivitis express themselves mostly as described above. The trigger or the cause of the inflammation are irrelevant. However, it is in the treatment of infection always depends on whether the inflammation was triggered by an infection or if it is non-infectious origin. In a non-infectious conjunctivitis, triggered for example by drafts, the symptoms usually disappear after a few days off by itself. If the symptoms but triggered by an allergy, so the eyes with anti-allergic eye drops or eye ointments can be treated. In addition, of course, should the underlying disease (allergy) are treated.

In inflammation, triggered by bacteria, fungi or viruses, antibiotic treatment is recommended. Treatment with antibiotics will usually locally, in the form of eye ointments or eye drops instead. The inflammation of the cornea The inflammation of the cornea occurs much less frequently than conjunctivitis. However, this eye infection is much more dangerous to the eye, because through them, the vision may be impaired. The causes of this inflammation can be very diverse again. One possible cause often affects contact lens wearers who wear their lenses for a long time. This allows the cornea to be attacked. This in turn can cause bacteria colonize on the cornea that can damage the cornea on. Even dry eyes, in which insufficient tear fluid is formed are susceptible to bacteria that can damage the cornea. In addition, fungi and herpes viruses can alter the corneal inflammation. In addition, injuries from foreign objects come into question as the cause. The inflammation of the cornea can also be due to another underlying disease (such as a rheumatic disease) occur.

The symptoms Symptoms of inflammation of the cornea are those of conjunctivitis are often very similar. The eyes are red, burning and pain. In addition, here is often a strong foreign body sensation exists. Unlike conjunctivitis, vision may be impaired at a corneal inflammation. treatment options Treatment of inflammation of the cornea depends on the cause. Are viruses responsible for the infection, then there will be a treatment with tablets, infusions or eye drops, which inhibit the growth of viruses. In bacterial infections is treated with antibiotics in the form of eye drops or eye ointments. If a fungal infection, the cause of the inflammation of the cornea, so usually an operation must be performed. In this the affected layers of the cornea are removed. This can be especially problematic when the deeper layers of the cornea already affected. The iritis

The inflammation of the iris is extremely rare. In addition, it often occurs in connection with inflammation of the vitreous. The cause may be, for example a natural defense reaction to a tick bite. But serious underlying conditions such as arthritis can have an iris lesion result. The symptoms The symptoms often show up in the form of light sensitivity, eye pain, decreased vision, and a change in color of the iris. treatment options In bacterial infections is treated with antibiotics. Moreover, can be treated with anti-inflammatory agents. In severe infections often a cortisone injection under the conjunctiva must be.

Pregnant after cesarean –

Good Morning! First, I want you to ask me to make any accusations. I need good advice and hope for your experience. First of all I had on 25 November 2009 a planned caesarean section, since our little mouse was very large. My husband and I always wanted two children back to back. This hope have taken the doctors immediately, because it is supposed to wait a year after a cesarean. Good, so we then resigned and said, hopefully it works out then after a year right again, because we had to wait for our little mouse 2, 5 years. We had then just before Easter for the first time sex with each other, you must know that you are one year again. It was really totally spontaneously. :) . Danach Also not because we wanted to wait my first rule then to calculate exactly. . With prevention I have bad experience, as I said, 2, 5 years until I was pregnant, one month before the artificial insemination.

Now I still have not got my period. I have on 02/03. ceased to pump. I feel nauseated. I suspect that I am pregnant. Now I have some questions: 1. ) Does anyone have that experience and can confirm me that everything will be fine? How was the course of pregnancy? 2. ) I’m with my daughter baby swimming. The water is 32 degrees. May I into it?

3. ) I have problems with herpes and use it always of the little zinc ointment for sore bum. Thus the course of 2 days is gone. May I use in pregnancy. 4. ) was from my husband’s sperm yes in Endefekt “old”. I know because now not so good. Will always be new produced? Can there be complications if my egg with an old sperm has fertilized? I thank you already now for your answers. of Snico on 21/04/2010 08: 10h 12 responses 9

I would also test first before you do such thoughts you . . . it is not unusual that can wait the Emma after childbirth and hold to . . . knock on wood P. S. I have a total of 3 cesareans, but always between 3 years . . . to me it was called even me to mind.

wait two years of password on 21/04/2010 08: 53h 8th Hello I am also become quick succession pregnant again. This is not bad per se. However, I had given birth spontaneously. I know but of ner Mami here from Mamiweb who has now recently received her second child by KS within 10 months, that you just have more to control the FA. The Zinksalbe you nehmen. Schwimmen you can also go. And sperm can not become obsolete, or stick out, as it always maintained the love man’s world. Do not worry therefore. Buy yourself the best time NEN SS test and see what happens.

If you have any questions, can write to me like. LG Jenny jenny-86 on 21/04/2010 08: 36h 7 . . . Old Sperm does not exist in the sense. Zinksalbe is ok . . . I also take the SS. I would still talk to the FA .

. . that may well be a risk to the scar, because that is still quite fresh. The uterus must heal well and the fear is that the uterus or the seam tears. The wishes you no and that should be just simply avoided. Go necessarily to the doctor and let you inform about further risks. of deeley on 21/04/2010 08: 26h 6 Pregnant Take a test and if positive then go to the doctor and make you smart because of the seam. For bathing temperature and zinc ointment was already written enough. Old Sperm does not exist. Your husband will have hands more often applied, everything else would be abnormal.

Ingrid Mummy on 21/04/2010 08: 24h 5 @florabini I think that she knows! has not written above “please no allegations”? tzzztzzz of Giftzwerg1980 on 21/04/2010 08: 22h 4 would really go there sometimes to your gyn and my blood test can make an early ss-test. I would have in mind to your spot because that can tear seam. I had had a cesarean section in 2008 and I was also told that I should not get pregnant 2 years because the inner seams longer need until they are healed. of Cathy01 on 21/04/2010 08: 19h

3 ui so many questions! so I make to your would bring me first certainty! Carry a test and / or go to the FA! can you also ask your answer better much! comming babyschwimmen you definitely. the zinc ointment is I believe also ok. with the old sperm – it is newly produced, but whether there can be problems, I know net . . . and as for your coming, dear inquire you by your doctor! but above all the first war out whether you’re really pregnant :) happy of Yvetta on 21/04/2010 08: 19h

2 Hello Aaaaaaalsooo to 1) I have only read the dates that even with a “fast” Pregnancy is not a major risk. to 2) The water temperature is not a problem . . . I LOVE it hot to bathe and my gyn said that as long as I could stand the temperature, my little one because certainly comes with handle. 3) zinc ointment is easily possible 4) The sperm is always fresh produce, the “old” degrades CONGRATULATIONS in advance 😉 of Dajana01 on 21/04/2010 08: 16h 1 hmmm you know that the SS is not harmless, which could gebährmutter at the seam reißen. was says the doctor?

actually is irresponsible of you, but you know that. why you should not with your baby bathe ? ? ? ? ? and why not use zinc ointment? both you in a ss. and old semen there is not ! ! ! ! there will always ask for a new produziert.

was . . . . . . of florabini on 21/04/2010 08: 15h similar questions

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