Herpes is a family of highly contagious viral infections. One form of the disease, chicken pox, chicken pox and shingles. Otherwise, herpes simplex virus type 1 or HSV-1 is the most common cause of herpes infections above the waist, including oral herpes. HSV-2, herpes simplex virus type 2, or is usually the cause of genital herpes. The three types of herpes can cause facial symptoms. Oral herpes Called “cold sores” and “fever blisters” oral herpes can infect the lips, hard surfaces inside the mouth and around the outside of the mouth. Less commonly, blisters may appear on the cheeks, chin, neck and nose. The usual culprit in oral herpes infections is HSV-1, HSV-2, although sometimes it can cause oral herpes too. Medline Plus reports that more than half of the US population is infected with HSV-1 virus at the time they reach their twenties. Kissing can transfer the disease from one person to another, but can also be transferred from another area of the body through the fingers to the face. The virus remains dormant in the body and can reappear at any time. The first symptom of an outbreak will occur, called the “prodrome” or “tingling stage,” it is a tingling sensation in the place where an injury appear.
The “blister phase” follows, with one or more fluid-filled blisters forming and lasts about two days. The “crying” or stage “ulcer” lasts about a day. During this time, the blisters open and fluid leaks out. This is the most contagious stage. The “stage of crusting” lasts two or three days. During that time the crust and scab lesions. The final stage is the “healing phase. ” Herpes When a person has had chickenpox, which usually have no other outbreak of chickenpox in his life. The virus hibernates in the body, however, and can be reactivated at a later time as shingles or herpes zoster. The Mayo Clinic reports that shingles affects more frequently the older age of 50. The reason for this may be a decreased ability to keep the infection under control.
Blisters of shingles usually occur on one side of the body, most commonly on the trunk or face. The first signs of an outbreak can occur are pain, sometimes severe pain, burning, numbness or tingling of the skin. A few days later, a red rash may appear on the spot. Fluid-filled blisters grow, weep and crust before healing. Fever and malaise may accompany symptoms. Blisters, when they appear, usually appear in a line or band. Otic herpes zoster Formerly known as Ramsay Hunt Syndrome II, otic herpes zoster is a complication of shingles. It occurs when the disease spreads to the facial nerves. The Cleveland Clinic reports that otic symptoms of shingles include severe ear pain and a rash that can surround the ear, mouth, face, neck and scalp. It can cause paralysis of the facial nerves and tinnitus, vertigo, loss of hearing, loss of taste and dry eyes and mouth. The prognosis for otic herpes zoster is generally good, although the hearing loss and facial paralysis may be permanent.